Klazomenai, ceramic center of ancient period

Klazomenai, ceramic center of ancient period

Klazomenai, ceramic center of ancient period

A 2,500-year-old sink (perirrhanterion) has been found during this year’s excavations in the ancient city of Klazomenai, which was the center of ceramic production in the Urla district of İzmir.

“This year’s excavations unearthed a sink foot and its base decorated with fantastic mythological creatures and chariot races. This sixth century B.C. artifact is about 2,500 years ago. It is decorated with figures, embossed and painted in this way. It is the first of its kind,” said the excavation director Professor Yaşar Ersoy.

Klazomenai, one of the 12 Ionian city-states, is located on the northern coast of the Urla-Çeşme Peninsula, in the middle of the İzmir Bay. Works have been carried out in the ancient city since 1981.

In the ancient city, an olive oil workshop, which was restored with on-site restoration works and presented to the visitors, draws attention. The Klazomenai olive oil workshop, which is one of the earliest workshops in the Aegean region that has survived so far, shows the existence of mass production in ancient times. It is dated to the sixth century B.C.

During this year’s excavations in Klazomenai, the ceramic production center of the ancient period, the 2,500-year-old perirrhanterion (a large flat-shaped bowl-sink sitting on a high platform and used for body cleaning) was one of the findings.

“Klazomenai is one of the Ionian city-states in Western Anatolia. It is considered to be one of the most important ceramic production centers in the region, especially in the Archaic period, in the sixth century B.C.”

“In the excavations carried out here, we also find many figured ceramics and sarcophagi produced in workshops connected with the city. The sink we found this year is decorated with fantastic mythological creatures and chariot races. This artifact, which dates to the sixth century B.C., is about 2,500 years old. We do not know of an example embossed and painted like this sink,” said Ersoy.

Emphasizing that Klazomenai is an important production center, Ersoy said, “We find the products produced here in the Ionian colonies in the Black Sea, in Southern France, in North Africa or in various centers in the Eastern Mediterranean; so, these artifacts were commercially transported to these places.”

“At the same time, another type of vase, which are identified with Klazomenai, are commercial amphorae. Olive oil or wine used to be stored and carried in these amphorae. We see vases of this type in many places in a wide geography, mostly on the northern, eastern and western coasts of the Black Sea, and in the Western Mediterranean and Eastern Mediterranean. This shows us the dominant commercial activity of the city from the seventh century B.C. to the beginning of the sixth century B.C.”