Ukraine asks Turkey to close Black Sea straits to Russian vessels: Envoy
“We conveyed our official request to the Turkish side regarding the closure of the airspace, the Dardanelles [Strait] and Bosphorus [Strait] for Russian ships,” he told reporters at a press conference.
Bodnar also called for imposing sanctions on Russian businessmen. “At the same time, we want sanctions to be imposed on the Russian side. In particular, we request seizure of the shares of businessmen and to prevent them from making money,” he said.
Bodnar called on the whole world to form a coalition against Russian President Vladimir Putin in order to prevent the expansion of the war. He also asked for the support of the Turkish nation.
“We call on you to prevent the aggression in question. Today, Ukraine is protecting your security,” he stated.
He stressed the importance of providing defense weapons and support for Ukraine’s defense. Financial support and humanitarian support are also important, he added.
The envoy also called on Turkey to show support for the citizens of Ukraine who are currently in Turkey.
According to the 1936-dated Montreux Convention, merchant vessels enjoy the freedom of passage through the Turkish Straits, the Dardanelles and Bosphorus, while the passages of war vessels are subject to some restrictions which vary depending on whether these vessels belong to Black Sea riparian states.
Besides some general restrictions applicable to all, vessels of war belonging to non-riparian states are subject to specific restrictions, such as those regarding maximum aggregate tonnage and the length of stay in the Black Sea.
According to the convention, aircraft carriers, whether belonging to riparian states, can in no way pass through the Turkish straits. Only submarines belonging to riparian states can pass through the Turkish Straits to rejoin their base in the Black Sea for the first time after their construction or purchase or for repair in dockyards outside the Black Sea.
But the convention points at special provisions for the time of war.
“In a time of war, Turkey being belligerent, the provisions of Articles 10 to 18 shall not be applicable; the passage of warships shall be left entirely to the discretion of the Turkish government,” article 20 of the convention says.