Greek Cypriot Parliament approve EU-IMF bailout deal with a razor-thin majority
NICOSIA - Reuters
Greek Cypriot women supporters of left-wing political parties hold a protest outside the parliament in the capital Nicosia on April 30. The Greek Cypriot Parliament was to debate a 10-billion-euro EU bailout, as the government warned that its rejection would have 'catastrophic' consequences for the economy of the eastern Mediterranean island. AFP photoGreek Cyprus's Parliament approved an EU bailout on April 30 which will force it to wind down its second-largest bank and impose heavy losses on uninsured depositors at another, conditions that have intensified calls from islanders to exit the euro.
With a razor-thin majority of just two votes, lawmakers approved terms accompanying 10 billion euros ($13.18 billion)in aid from the European Union and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
In a show of hands, 29 lawmakers from the three parties in the centre-right government approved the motion, with 27 voting against. .
Government officials had warned the island would fall into chaotic default, unable to pay salaries or pensions, as early as next month without emergency funding.
"Unfortunately the (bailout) is a one-way street for us. It will avert disorderly default and gives, albeit with many hurdles, some prospect of getting us out of the storm," said Averof Neophytou, head of the governing right-wing Democratic Rally party.
The bailout was unlike any other aid deal, controversially forcing depositors to foot the cost of recapitalising banks exposed to debt-crippled Greece.
'Deal of enslavement'
Opposition parties argued that the bailout would keep Greek Cyprus in perpetual bondage to foreign lenders.
"A 'yes' from Cyprus's Parliament is by far the biggest defeat in our 8,000-year history," said lawmaker George Perdikis of the Greens party at an extraordinary parliamentary session opened on April 30.
"Its democratically elected representatives have a gun to their head to agree to a deal of enslavement," he said.
Greek Cyprus, the euro zone's third smallest country, is bracing for at least two more years of economic misery and record unemployment as terms on the bailout start to bite.
Attempts to agree a deal triggered financial chaos last month when parliament rejected a plan to make both insured and uninsured depositors pay a levy to fund the recapitalisation of banks heavily exposed to debt-crippled Greece.
It was followed by a two-week bank closure. The fallback option was to wind down one of the banks, Laiki, and impose losses of up to 60 percent on uninsured deposits - over 100,000 euros - in a second, Bank of Cyprus.
About 300 demonstrators gathered outside Parliament, calling politicians "thieves". One group brought along a fake gallows, which they said was for lawmakers.
Communist AKEL, in government until it lost presidential elections in February, said Greek Cyprus should seek alternative forms of funding, including possibly an exit from the euro currency. The island adopted the single currency in 2008.
"We know leaving the euro is an equally painful option, but reinstating a national currency could offer prospects for growth in the future," AKEL leader Andros Kyprianou said.