US, Russia differ on military force as Syria talks open
GENEVA - Reuters / Agence France-Presse
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry speaks next to Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov (R) as they speak to the media before their meeting to discuss the ongoing crisis in Syria, in Geneva Sept. 12. REUTERS photoU.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov opened talks on Sept. 12 on disarming Syria's chemical weapons programs, but differences emerged at the outset of the expected two-day negotiations.
Kerry reiterated the U.S. position that military force might be needed against Syria if diplomacy over President Bashar al-Assad's chemical weapons stockpile fails.
"President [Barack] Obama has made clear that should diplomacy fail force might be necessary to deter and degrade Assad's capacity to deliver these weapons," Kerry said, as Lavrov looked on.
But Lavrov made it clear that Russia wants the United States to set aside its military threats for now.
"We proceed from the fact that the solution of this problem will make unnecessary any strike on the Syrian Arab Republic," he said. "I am convinced that our American colleagues, as President Obama stated, are firmly convinced that we should follow peaceful way of resolution of conflict in Syria."
As the U.S. Congress debated military strikes as a response to an Aug. 21 chemical attack on a suburb of Damascus, Russia proposed that Syria instead agree to give up its chemical arms.
Kerry made clear that Washington, while exploring the offer, remains skeptical. And he pushed back on a reported offer from the Syrian government, as part of a move to join the Chemical Weapons Convention, to supply data on its chemical arsenal within 30 days, the standard practice.
"We believe there is nothing standard about this process at this moment because of the way the regime has behaved, not only the existence of these weapons but they have been used," Kerry said.
"Expectations are high. They are high for the United States, perhaps even more so for Russia, to deliver on the promise of this moment," Kerry said.
"This is not a game and I said that to my friend Sergei when we talked about it initially. It has to be real. It has to be comprehensive. It has to be verifiable. It has to be credible. It has to be timely and implemented in a timely fashion, and finally there ought to be consequences if it doesn't take place."
Lavrov, who addressed the press first, said: "I am sure that our American partners... are strongly in favour of a peaceful way to regulate chemical weapons in Syria."
He also told Kerry, speaking through a translator, that "I hope we will achieve all the successes".
But Kerry quipped: "You want me to take your word for it? It's a little early for that."