Museums the ticket for fine art market
PARIS - AFP
Sales at auction of works of fine art -- paintings, sculptures, drawings, photographs, engravings and installations -- jumped by 18 percent in the first half of the year compared to the same period in 2017 to $8.45 billion, according to Artprice.
The company's founder Thierry Ehrmann pointed out that "around three quarters of purchases above one million dollars is now by museums." That trend is being supported by the opening of new museums.
The new openings helped China remain in second place in terms of auction revenues at $2 billion, accounting for just under a quarter of the market, according to Artprice's twice-yearly market report.
The United States led in auction sales in the first half of the year with $3.3 billion, or 40 percent of the market. Britain ranked third with $1.9 billion in sales and a market share of 22 percent.
But if museums are now the big buyers, the market was supported this year by the sale of the art collection of billionaire David Rockefeller and his wife Peggy.
Although there was no blockbuster sale like that of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi" last November for $450 million, the Rockefeller collection was the most valuable private collection ever sold and included works by Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse and Claude Monet.
"The sale of May 8, 2018 alone totaled $646 million," noted Artprice in its report, with a Picasso "Blue Period" painting, "Fillette a la corbeille fleurie," fetching $115 million by itself.
Artprice pointed to a particular strength of the US market: the concentration of sales of the most expensive artworks that fetch more than $5 million at auction.
"New York is home to the largest high-end art market in the world: the top six first-half results were hammered in Manhattan," said the report.
Of the 15 works that have fetched more than $100 million at auction, all but one were sold in New York.
London's place in the global art market appears to be holding up against Britain's impending exit from the European Union next year.
The Chinese market could also become more attractive to sellers as a reorganization appears to be helping bring down the rate of unsold works, which are still more than half of those put up at auction.
Works from the 20th century dominate the auction market, accounting for four-fifths of items to go under the hammer.
Artprice found a particular interest for works produced between 1900 and 1940, a period which includes the last impressionist works and the dawn of modern art.
Eight of the 10 most expensive works sold in the first of this year were produced during that period, including Russian abstract painter Kazimir Malevich's "Suprematist Composition," which sold in New York in May for $85.8 million, over $25 million more than when it was last sold in 2010.
But contemporary art is still popular with buyers, with Andy Warhol and Jean-Michel Basquiat among the top-selling artists.