Iraq forces launch attack on ISIL-held town of Hawija
Iraqi forces on Sept. 29 launched an assault on the northern town of Hawija, one of the last bastions in the country still held by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), which is also under attack in neighboring Syria.
The operation came after ISIL released what it said was an audio recording of its leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi urging resistance, the first such intervention in nearly a year.
“The leaders of the Islamic State and its soldiers have realized that the path to... victory is to be patient and resist the infidels whatever their alliances,” said the voice in the recording, whose authenticity Washington said it had “no reason to doubt.”
Since Baghdadi’s previous message to his followers last November, the territory the jihadists still hold in the cross-border caliphate they proclaimed in 2014 has shrunk to a fraction of its former extent.
“A huge military operation has begun to liberate Hawija and its surrounding areas,” the operation’s commander, Lieutenant General Abdel Amir Yarallah, said in a statement.
Iraqi forces launched an offensive to retake the jihadist enclave around Hawija on Sept. 21, swiftly taking the town of Sharqat on its second day before pushing on towards Hawija itself.
Yarallah said that Sept. 29’s assault marked the second phase of the operation and aimed to recapture Hawija and the towns of Al-Abbasi, Riyadh and Rashad to its west, east and south.
All are mainly Sunni Arab towns that have long been bastions of insurgency and were bypassed by government forces in their push north on second city Mosul last year which culminated in the jihadists’ defeat in their most emblematic stronghold this July.
Yarallah said that troops were now advancing on the town of al-Abbasi.
He said the operation involved the army, the federal police, counterterrorism units and the Rapid Intervention Force, as well as tribal volunteers and the paramilitary Popular Mobilization force, mainly made up of Iran-trained Shiite militia.
The enclave lies east of the Tigris River and south of one of its major tributaries, the Little Zab, and troops erected pontoon bridges during the night to enable the assault to begin, Yarallah said.
The Popular Mobilization force said that ISIL had set fire to two oil wells in the Alas field, southeast of Hawija, in a bid to provide cover and slow the advance of loyalist forces.
Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi hailed the second phase of the operation to recapture the area.
“As we promised the sons of our country, we are going to liberate every inch of Iraqi land and crush the Daesh [ISIL] terrorist gangs,” Abadi said.
“We are on the verge of a new victory to liberate the residents of these areas from those criminals.”
The Hawija enclave is one of just two areas of Iraq still held by ISIL, along with a stretch of the Euphrates Valley near the Syrian border which is under attack too.
Further up the Euphrates Valley on the Syrian side of the border, ISIL is facing rival offensives by U.S.-backed fighters and Russian-backed government forces.
The jihadists launched a major counteroffensive against government forces on Sept. 28, killing 58 troops and militia in a series of attacks along their supply lines, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.
Most of the dead came near the desert town of Sukna, on the main highway between the big cities of the west and Euphrates Valley city of Deir Ezzor, the Britain-based monitoring group said.
Syrian troops pushed through the desert and broke a three-year ISIL siege of government enclaves in Deir ez-Zor earlier this month. They are now battling to retake the rest of it.
Further upstream, a U.S.-backed alliance of Kurdish and Arab fighters is poised to capture the onetime ISIL bastion of Raqqa, once a byword for jihadist atrocities.
A top US-led coalition commander told AFP on Thursday that the jihadists were now breathing their “last gasps” in the city.
He said the coalition was already setting its sights on another ISIL-held town in the Euphrates Valley -- al-Mayadeen, between Deir ez-Zzor and the Iraqi border.