Berlin vows shake-up after neo-Nazi blunder
BERLIN - Agence France-Presse
AFP PhotoGermany pledged a root-and-branch reform of its security services yesterday after the domestic intelligence chief resigned over scandals stemming from the probe into a neo-Nazi cell accused of killing 10 people, including eight Turks.
Interior Minister Hans-Peter Friedrich said the working methods of the federal authorities needed a “fundamental rethink” after it emerged that key case files were shredded.
“What happened, of course, is unacceptable and that is why there must be consequences,” Friedrich told public radio one day after he announced that domestic intelligence director Heinz Fromm, 63, would take early retirement.
“I think that we need to take a very critical look at what happened at the Office for the Protection of the Constitution, and I will,” he said referring to the domestic intelligence agency.
Fromm had been under fire since last November when it emerged that a far-right trio calling itself the National Socialist Underground (NSU) was likely behind a murder spree with 10 victims, eight of them shopkeepers of Turkish origin. The case broke open only when two members of the NSU were found dead in an apparent suicide pact and the other, a woman, turned herself in. Investigators initially suspected criminal elements from the Turkish community were behind the rash of killings. The intelligence chief finally threw in the towel after an interior minister official testified to a parliamentary committee last week that files with information about neo-Nazis were destroyed by agency employees. Friedrich said in the interview yesterday that a successor would be named in the course of a “calm discussion about reforms and changes” at the agency.
Fromm to testify
Despite his resignation, Fromm is to testify tomorrow before the parliamentary committee probing failings in the investigation of the murders. The committee’s chairman, Sebastian Edathy, said further resignations were possible and called on the agency to pinpoint what went wrong during the criminal probe. “The more you try to sweep under the carpet, the greater the likelihood that you trip over the carpet,” he said. German-Turkish community leader Kenan Kolat said the intelligence authorities were in a “shambles.”
“Our faith in the German security services has dropped to nearly zero,” he told local news agency DPA, saying the scandal showed that “the state and certain organs of the state are blind to the [extreme] right.”
Germany was stunned to learn that a neo-Nazi cell of killers was apparently able to operate with impunity over seven years and that the authorities only stumbled upon the prime suspects when two were already dead.
Daily Bild said the shredded files showed that there was a list of 73 names of possible contacts for the security authorities in the far-right scene, including the two NSU members later found dead. The government’s appointed representative for the victims of the murders, Barbara John, said the suspicions the file-shredding raised would be difficult to snuff out.
“Now everything is plausible in terms of possible complicity of the agency. We all have to shudder at the thought,” she told daily Tagesspiegel.
Media outlets joined the calls for an overhaul of the security services and the agency’s use of informants. “The loss of public confidence has reached a level which makes corrections imperative,” the Tagesspiegel said, calling for greater parliamentary scrutiny.