Turkey’s EU strategy creates action plan for accession
ANKARATurkey’s new EU strategy, which is ostensibly designed to accelerate the EU accession process, was published in the Official Gazette on Sept. 25, featuring pledges to coordinate all related governmental efforts with the EU Ministry.
The strategy was put into effect after a decree signed by Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu outlining the content of the strategy was published in the Official Gazette. The decree calls for broader consultation with civil society and local governments, development agencies and universities in the course of negotiations for full EU membership.
Turkey’s new strategy vows to focus on the political reform process, continuity in socioeconomic transformation and effective communication.
As part of the EU Strategy, Turkey will also adopt the National Action Plan for EU Accession and the EU Communications Strategy in November. This will be the first step for the “concrete commitment” declared by the new government, explained the strategy paper prepared by the EU Ministry.
The EU Strategy consists of the political reform process, socioeconomic transformation in the accession process and EU communication strategy, according to the paper.
Turkey’s new EU strategy
The strategy paper released by Turkey's EU Ministry on Sept. 18 outlines the accession road map as follows:
- The National Action Plan for EU Accession will be implemented in two periods, the first until 2015 and the second from 2015 to 2019. Determining the concrete and priority steps required in each negotiation chapter, the action plan consists of three parts: harmonization of primary legislation, harmonization of secondary legislation and institution building and others.
- Although fundamental laws and parts of legislation have already been repealed or amended, all legislation bearing the imprints of the military coup of Sept. 12, 1980, will be reviewed in detail during work for a new Constitution. The new charter will pave the way for the initiatives that Turkey needs by expanding the scope of politics and removing the imprints of military tutelage.
- Although the relevant screening reports have not been conveyed to Turkey, the country will continue a comprehensive reform agenda in all areas covered by the political criteria and accession chapters 23 and 24, such as freedom of expression, institutionalization in the field of human rights, border management, organized crime and the management of migration.
- The work of the Reform Monitoring Group (RMG) and the Political Affairs Subcommittee (SIYAK) will be intensified in the upcoming period, for the preparation of new reform packages.
- All necessary steps will be taken for the successful conclusion of a visa liberalization process.
- Adopting legislation is not sufficient for harmonization with the EU. Upcoming reforms will focus not only on new legal arrangements but also on enhancing implementation capacity.
- The National Action Plan for EU Accession will address Turkey’s priorities in continuing and enhancing socioeconomic change and identify legislation to be harmonized, in addition to areas of action for improving administrative structures in proper implementation.
- The communication strategy has two dimensions. The first is directed at communication at home, aiming to solidify the domestic perception of the EU process as a modernization project that improves the living standards of Turks. Such a perception will ensure support by all segments of society for the adoption and proper implementation of the reforms.
The second dimension of the strategy addresses the international community, aiming to showcase facts and remold a correct perception of Turkey within the EU’s public opinion. This dimension will help establish trust regarding Turkey’s commitment and self-confidence in the EU process.