Tunisia in political turmoil as president sacks more officials
Tunisia lurched further into political uncertainty on July 28 as President Kais Saied dismissed more officials, days after he suspended parliament and assumed executive powers in what opponents labelled a coup.
Key civil society groups warned against any "illegitimate" extension of Saied’s 30-day suspension of parliament, and demanded in a joint statement a timeline for political action.
After suspending parliament and sacking Prime Minister Hichem Mechichi on July 25, and firing the defense and justice ministers on Monday, Saied then ordered the dismissal of several top officials.
Late on July 27, 63-year-old Saied, a former law lecturer who was a political newcomer when he won a landslide 2019 presidential election victory, issued decrees sacking a long list of senior government officials, including the army’s chief prosecutor.
On July 28, he also dismissed the CEO of national television channel Wataniya.
In addition, he has lifted the parliamentary immunity of lawmakers and assumed judicial powers.
Saied says his actions are justified under the constitution, which allows the head of state to take unspecified exceptional measures in the event of an "imminent threat."
On top of the political turmoil, the North African nation is beset by a crippling economic crisis including soaring inflation and high unemployment, as well as surging COVID-19 infections.
The moderate Islamist Ennahdha party, which was the largest faction in the coalition government, has labelled the power grab a "coup d’etat", while the U.S., EU and other powers have voiced strong concern.
French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian on July 28 urged Tunisia to rapidly appoint a new prime minister and government.
Further ramping up tensions, the Tunisian prosecutor’s office announced on July 28 the judiciary has opened an investigation into allegations that Ennahdha and two other political parties received illegal funding ahead of elections in 2019.
The financial arm of the judiciary opened the probe on July 14, focusing on "the foreign financing and acceptance of funds of unknown origin", prosecution spokesman Mohsen Dali said.
Saied, an academic who has said he is determined to revolutionize the political system through changes to the law, said he would assume executive power with the help of a government whose new chief he would appoint himself.
Names of possible candidates circulated on July 28 after Saied met with representatives of national organizations late on July 26.
"President Saied will be very careful in choosing the future head of government, because he wants a trustworthy and loyal person who would adopt the same policies as him," said political scientist Slaheddine Jourchi.
The young democracy had often been cited as the sole success story of the Arab Spring - the series of uprisings that swept the region starting in 2010.
But, a decade on, many in the nation of 12 million people say they have seen little improvement in living standards, and have grown infuriated by protracted political deadlock with infighting among the elite.
The ousted government had also been criticized for its handling of the COVID pandemic. Tunisia has one of the world’s highest official per-capita death tolls.
"President Saied is faced with a great challenge: to show Tunisians and the world that he made the right decisions," added Jourchi.
After violent clashes outside the army-blockaded parliament on Monday, the Ennahdha party said "organized thugs" were being used to "provoke bloodshed and chaos."
On July 27, Ennahdha said it was ready to go to early legislative and presidential elections for the sake of maintaining democracy, while demanding that any delay "is not used as a pretext to maintain an autocratic regime."
Noureddine B’Hiri, a senior Ennahdha leader, said the party had decided to campaign peacefully against the president’s plans.
But before any elections, "parliament should resume its activities and the military end its control", B’Hiri told AFP.
In the 10 years since Tunisia’s popular revolution toppled dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Tunisia has had nine governments.
Some have lasted just months, hindering the reforms needed to revamp the country’s struggling economy and poor public services.