Puigdemont urges dialogue with Madrid after leaving German jail
NEUMNSTER – Agence France-Presse
Ousted Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont called for immediate “political dialogue” to end the row with Madrid as he left a German jail on bail on April 6 after judges rejected his extradition to Spain on a rebellion charge.
“The time for dialogue has arrived,” Puigdemont told reporters outside the Neumuenster prison, after he walked free on a 75,000-euro ($92,000-) bail while judges mull whether to extradite him on a lesser charge of corruption.
“We have demanded dialogue for several years and we have only received violence and repression,” Puigdemont said.
There is “no excuse” for the Spanish authorities not to start “a political dialogue with the Catalan political leaders,” he added.
The 55-year-old also called for “the immediate release” of all Catalan separatists detained in the spat with Madrid over the wealthy northeastern region’s failed breakaway bid.
In a major victory for Puigdemont, the upper state court in Schleswig-Holstein on April 5 dismissed Spain’s request to extradite Puigdemont on a rebellion charge over last October’s independence referendum, deemed illegal by Madrid.
The judges ruled that the charge was “inadmissable” because rebellion - which carries a maximum sentence of 30 years in Spain - was not punishable under German law.
The closest German equivalent, the criminal offence of high treason, did not apply because Puigdemont’s actions were not accompanied by violence, the judges found.
But they said the former Catalan president could still be sent to Spain to face trial for the alleged misuse of public funds in organising the disputed referendum.
The German judges said they needed to gather more information before making a decision on the embezzlement charge in the coming weeks, but ruled that Puigdemont could be released in the meantime.
Madrid has estimated that some 1.6 million euros in public money was improperly used to hold the referendum.
If convicted, Puigdemont faces up to eight years in jail.
As part of his bail conditions, Puigdemont must remain in Germany and report to police weekly.
German police detained Puigdemont on March 25 as he was travelling from Finland back to Belgium, where he has been living in self-imposed exile for the past six months.
The arrest came two days after Spain’s Supreme Court ordered international warrants for Puigdemont and other fugitive Catalan leaders on charges linked to holding the banned referendum.
The German court’s refusal to accept the rebellion charge is a blow to Madrid, as under European law it means Puigdemont cannot be prosecuted for the offence even if he is returned to Spain.
Despite the setback, the Spanish government said it “respected” the German judges’ decision.
Berlin, which has long expressed support for Madrid’s actions in the Catalan row, declined to comment on the latest judicial developments.
“The process lies in the hands of the justice system, as is right,” said German government spokeswoman Ulrike Demmer.One of Puigdemont’s German lawyers, Wolfgang Schomburg, welcomed that the rebellion issue was “finally off the table”, but warned that the legal battle continued.
“It would be best for all those involved in Europe if Spain took a different path and did not try to solve internal conflicts through the courts,” he told reporters.
Catalonia has been mired in political crisis ever since the region unilaterally declared independence on October 27 in the wake of the controversial referendum.
Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy’s conservative government responded by sacking the Catalan government, taking direct control of the region and calling early elections.
The December vote was won by a block of separatist parties. But they have been unable to elect a president and form a government as their chosen candidates are now either in exile, in jail or facing prosecution.Fresh regional elections will be triggered if a new leader is not elected by May 22.
Puigdemont was one of a number of Catalan figureheads who fled abroad to escape prosecution, dragging other European countries into the row.
A Belgian judge on April 5 bailed three former Catalan ministers who fled to Belgium with Puigdemont after they handed themselves in to police there.
They face charges of rebellion, misuse of public funds and disobeying the state.
Another former Catalan minister, Clara Ponsati, was bailed in Scotland last week.