Nearly one in 10 children globally is a victim of forced labor, says UN study
NEW YORK - ReutersMore than 150 million children, or nearly one in 10 globally, are victims of forced labor and progress in reducing that number has slowed, a leading United Nations' anti-slavery group said on Sept. 19.
Nearly half of children in forced labor do hazardous work and more than a third do not go to school, said a report by the U.N. labor agency, the International Labour Organization (ILO).
Although the number of child laborers has fallen by 94 million since 2000, the decline slowed from 2012 to 2016, they said.
The faltering progress imperils efforts to end child labor by 2025 as laid out in the United Nations' latest set of global goals agreed in 2015 to tackle poverty and inequality.
Houtan Homayounpour, technical specialist on forced labor at the Geneva-based ILO, said the world was not on track to end child labor in eight years with estimates that 121 million children would still be in child labor in 2025 at this rate.
"We need to pick up the pace," he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
A total of 152 million children - 64 million girls and 88 million boys - are victims of child labor, according to the latest ILO estimate.
More than two-thirds of these children are working on a family farm or in a family business with 71 percent overall employed in agriculture.
Nine out of every 10 live in Africa and the Asia and Pacific region, the ILO said, with sub-Saharan Africa experiencing a rise in child labor from 2012 to 2016.
"Africa, where child labour is highest in both proportionate and absolute terms, and where progress has stalled, remains a particular priority," the ILO said in its report.
The report noted a strong link between child labor and conflict and disaster which caused joblessness and displacement that make children vulnerable.
Among children in forced labor between ages 5 and 14, a third, or 36 million, do not go to school.
The ILO said its findings came from surveying households in all regions of the world and using data from the U.N. and world governments.
Moreover, more than 40 million people were trapped as slaves last year in forced labor and forced marriages, according to the first joint effort by key anti-slavery groups to estimate the number of victims worldwide of the international crime.
ILO, human rights group Walk Free Foundation, and International Organization for Migration said 40.3 million people were victims of modern slavery in 2016 - but added this was a conservative estimate.
They estimated 24.9 million people were trapped working in factories, on construction sites, farms and fishing boats, and as domestic or sex workers, while 15.4 million people were in marriages to which they had not consented.