Kurds retake key Iraq dam as US, UK step up involvement
AL-QOSH - Agence France Presse
The governor of Kirkuk and head of the security committee Najm al-Din Omar, looks through binoculars from a position maned by the Kurdish Peshmerga as he looks toward Islamist Jihadist positions on August 17, 2014, south of the oil hub city of Kirkuk. AFP PhotoIraqi Kurdish fighters backed by U.S. warplanes have retaken the country's largest dam from jihadists, Kurdish officials said, as the United States and Britain step up their military involvement.
The recapture of Mosul dam marks the biggest prize yet clawed back from Islamic State (IS) jihadists since they launched a major offensive in northern Iraq in early June, sweeping Iraqi security forces aside.
IS militants, who have declared a "caliphate" straddling vast areas of Iraq and Syria, also came under air attack in their Syrian stronghold of Raqqa on Aug. 17, a monitoring group said.
U.S. President Barack Obama told Congress that the "limited" airstrikes he has authorized on Iraq to retake its largest dam from militants protected U.S. interests there.
The strikes have been conducted since Friday at the request of the Iraqi government, according to U.S. National Security Council spokeswoman Caitlin Hayden.
Highlighting the stakes at hand, Obama said: "The failure of the Mosul dam could threaten the lives of large numbers of civilians, endanger U.S. personnel and facilities, including the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad, and prevent the Iraqi government from providing critical services to the Iraqi populace."
British Prime Minister David Cameron described the Islamic State fighters sweeping across Syria and Iraq as a direct threat to Britain, and said all available tools most be used to halt their advance.
Cameron, writing in the Sunday Telegraph, said that while it would not be right to send an army into Iraq, some degree of military involvement was justified due to the threat that an expanding "terrorist state" would pose to Europe and its allies.
His Defense Minister Michael Fallon, in comments published Aug. 18, said Britain's Iraq involvement now goes beyond a humanitarian mission and is set to last for months.
"We and other countries in Europe are determined to help the government of Iraq combat this new and very extreme form of terrorism," he was quoted as saying. The Times reported that six British Tornado jets and a spy plane had begun flying beyond the Kurdish region to provide information on jihadists' movements that could be used in planning Iraqi military attacks in a "development that brings Britain closer to a direct combat role."
14 strikes near dam
Two months of violence have brought Iraq to the brink of breakup, and world powers relieved by the exit of divisive premier Nuri al-Maliki are sending aid to the hundreds of thousands who have fled their homes as well as arms to the Kurdish peshmerga forces. Buoyed by the U.S. air strikes. Kurdish forces are fighting to win back ground they had lost since the start of August, when the jihadists went back on the offensive north, east and west of the city of Mosul, capturing the dam on August 7.
"Mosul Dam was liberated completely," Ali Awni, an official from Iraq's main Kurdish party, told AFP, a statement also confirmed by another party official and a Kurdish security forces officer.
The breakthrough came after U.S. warplanes and drones pummelled the militants fighting against the Kurdish advance on Aug. 16 and again on Aug. 17.
The U.S. Central Command reported that the military had carried out 14 air strikes Aug. 18 near the dam, which, located on the Tigris river, provides electricity and irrigation water for farming to much of the region.
CENTCOM said the strikes destroyed 10 IS armed vehicles, seven IS Humvees, two armoured personnel carriers and one IS checkpoint.
In Syria's Raqqa province, the Syrian air force carried out 16 raids on the city of Raqa and several more on the town of Tabqa, killing at least 31 jihadists and eight civilians, said the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
"The regime wants to show the Americans that it is also capable of striking the IS," said the Britain-based group's director, Rami Abdel Rahman.
On another battlefront, security forces backed by Sunni Arab tribal militia made gains against the jihadists in Iraq's Anbar province, west of the provincial capital Ramadi, police said.
Fighting was also taking place near the strategic Euphrates Valley town of Haditha, located near another important dam, police Staff Major General Ahmed Sadag said.
In the north, members of minority groups including the Yazidis, Christians, Shabak and Turkmen, remain under threat of kidnapping or death at the hands of the jihadists.
The jihadist' storming of Sinjar on August 3 sent tens of thousands of civilians fleeing onto Mount Sinjar, prompting an international aid operation and helping to trigger the launch of U.S. air strikes. The Yazidis' non-Muslim faith is anathema to the Sunni extremists of IS.
Human rights groups and residents say IS fighters have been demanding that religious minorities in the Mosul region either convert or leave, unleashing violent reprisals on any who refuse.