ISIL using ‘tens of thousands’ as human shields in Mosul, says UN
GENEVAThe Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) forces in Iraq have abducted tens of thousands of men, women and children from areas around Mosul and are using them as “human shields” in the city as Iraqi government troops advance, the U.N. human rights office said on Oct. 28.
ISIL killed at least 232 people on Oct. 26, including 190 former Iraqi troops and 42 civilians who refused to obey their orders, U.N. human rights spokeswoman Ravina Shamdasani said, Reuters reported.
“Credible reports suggest that ISIL has been forcing tens of thousands of people from their homes in sub-districts around Mosul and have forcibly relocated numbers of civilians inside the city itself since the operation began on the 17th of October to restore Iraqi government control over Mosul,” Shamdasani told a briefing.
This was to “use them as human shields, to be able to keep them close to military installations ... to try to frustrate the military operation against them,” she said.
Nearly 8,000 families, of roughly six people each, were abducted in sub-districts including Shura, she said. This adds up to roughly 48,000 civilians.
“ISIL’s depraved, cowardly strategy is to attempt to use the presence of civilian hostages to render certain points, areas or military forces immune from military operations, effectively using tens of thousands of women, men and children as human shields,” Shamdasani said.
“Many of those who refused to comply were shot on the spot,” she said.
The reports, from people who have fled as well as aid groups, have been corroborated by the United Nations, she added.
U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein has voiced deep concern at reports that some individuals in the areas south of Mosul have “embarked on revenge killings and have vowed on television that there would be ‘eye-for-eye’ revenge against those who sided with ISIL,” Shamdasani said.
“Some people say that ‘I saw this man coming, and he killed my father, so I couldn’t resist, I had to exact revenge,’” she said.
Some villagers have been prevented from returning to their villages due to their perceived support of ISIL, she said.
U.S. Air Force Brig. Gen. Matthew C. Isler said Oct. 28 that Iraqi troops have retaken 40 villages from ISIL near Mosul.
The fight to retake Mosul, which fell to ISIL in a matter of days in the summer of 2014, is the largest military operation undertaken in Iraq since the 2003 U.S.-led invasion.
Isler said the U.S.-led coalition had stepped up airstrikes against the militants, and is carrying out three times as many as it did during previous campaigns to drive ISIL from other Iraqi cities.