World Bank cuts Asia growth forecast, welcomes BOJ kick
SINGAPORE - Reuters
People are seen in a shopping arcade in Sendai, northeastern Japan. After a-decade-and-a half of self-imposed austerity, there are signs that wealthier Japanese shoppers are spending more. REUTERS photoThe World Bank scaled back slightly its 2013 growth forecasts for emerging East Asia and warned about possible over-heating in the region’s larger economies, but the global lender said the Bank of Japan’s sweeping monetary expansion should provide a fillip to developing countries.
Japan’s efforts to stimulate its economy through monetary easing is likely to be “mostly good” for developing Asian economies such as Thailand and the Philippines, which produce components for Japanese exporters, the World Bank said.
The Bank of Japan on April 4 stunned markets by unveiling a monetary expansion campaign with plans to inject about $1.4 trillion into the economy over two years to break a deflationary cycle and end two decades of stagnation.
The BOJ’s radical monetary plan, which even eclipsed the U.S. Federal Reserve’s massive quantitative easing program, has caused worries about a wall of money moving into emerging markets and other economies in search of higher returns, potentially stoking inflation and asset bubbles.
World Bank praises BOJ
However, Bert Hofman, World Bank chief economist for East Asia and Pacific, was sanguine about the BOJ’s ambitious goal.
“Japan is trying to get out of this low spend, deflationary environment... If that works, that is good for the world economy, and good for the region. It means a large economy may start growing again,” Hofman told at a media briefing. The World Bank, in its latest East Asia and Pacific Update, cut its gross domestic product (GDP) growth projection for China by 0.1 percentage point to 8.3 percent for 2013, citing Beijing’s ongoing efforts to restructure its economy.
The revision was made before China earlier yesterday reported slower-than-expected 7.7 percent year-on-year growth in the first quarter, which was below the World Bank’s own forecast, Hofman said.
Overall, the World Bank expects developing East Asia to grow by 7.8 percent this year, below its December estimate of 7.9 percent but faster than last year’s 7.5 percent.
“Our growth forecasts for EAP (East Asia and the Pacific) for 2013 and 2014 remain roughly similar to those of December last year. We expect that with improving external conditions and strong domestic demand, regional growth will rise moderately to 7.8 percent in 2013 and then adjust back to 7.6 percent in 2014 and 2015,” it said.
Risks pointed out
The World Bank tempered its more benign outlook about conditions in the West with a call for Asian governments to start reining in the supportive monetary and fiscal policies that had been adopted in the aftermath of the financial crisis, echoing concerns raised by the Asian Development Bank last week.
“Countercyclical demand policies have helped sustain growth, but they may now risk stoking inflationary pressures and amplifying the credit and asset price risks that are emerging in the context of strong capital inflows into the region,” the World Bank said.
While the bulk of capital flows into China and Indonesia comprise foreign direct investments that are not easily reversible, portfolio flows are sizable in Malaysia where they comprising 6.4 percent of GDP in 2012 on a net basis, up from 2.9 percent of GDP in 2011.
The World Bank said that continued depreciation of the yen posed challenges for developed Asian countries such as Korea, which competed directly with Japan in many export markets.
In contrast, many developing Asian economies produced inputs used by Japanese industry. Japanese investments in these countries could increase, helping build productive capacity and boost potential output, it said.
Larger East Asian economies such as China, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines may be reaching the limits of their current productive capacity, the World bank said in its report.
It added that price pressures are mounting in China, although the headline rate remains under the central bank target of 3.5 percent, while inflation is building up rapidly in Indonesia.