Spain marks national day with show of unity amid Catalan crisis
Spain marks its national day on Oct. 12 with a show of unity in the face of Catalan independence efforts, a day after the central government gave the region's separatist leader a deadline to abandon all plans of secession.
The country is suffering its worst political crisis in a generation after separatists in the wealthy northeastern region voted in a banned referendum on Oct. 1 to split from Spain.
To mark the national holiday, Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy and King Felipe VI are due to attend a traditional military parade in central Madrid, where red and yellow Spanish flags have been tied to balconies and windows by pro-unity supporters.
Armed forces will march down Madrid's Paseo de la Castellana boulevard to mark the day that Christopher Columbus first arrived in the Americas in 1492 while pro-unity rallies, including one by members of the far-right, are planned in the Catalan capital Barcelona.
Rajoy has vowed to do everything in his power to prevent Catalan secession and his government said Oct. 11 that it would take control of the region if it insisted on breaking away.
The warning came after Catalonia's president Carles Puigdemont announced on Oct. 10 that he had accepted the mandate for "Catalonia to become an independent state." He signed an independence declaration but asked regional lawmakers to suspend it to allow for dialogue with Madrid.
The legal validity of the declaration was unclear.
After holding an emergency cabinet meeting, Rajoy told lawmakers that Puigdemont had until Oct. 16 to decide if he planned to push ahead with secession and then until Oct. 19 to reconsider, otherwise Madrid would suspend Catalonia's regional autonomy.
The deadline set the clock ticking on Spain's most serious political emergency since its return to democracy four decades ago.
World leaders are watching closely and uncertainty over the fate of the region of 7.5 million people has damaged business confidence, with several listed firms already moving their legal headquarters out of Catalonia.
The region itself is deeply divided on the issue, with polls suggesting Catalans are roughly evenly split on whether to go it alone.
While Puigdemont insists the Oct. 1 referendum gave him a mandate for independence and has said he still wants dialogue with Madrid, Rajoy has refused to negotiate on anything until the separatists abandon their independence drive. He has also rejected calls for mediation.
"There is no mediation possible between democratic law and disobedience, illegality," he told parliament.
Rajoy's government on Oct. 11 said it was triggering constitutional Article 155, which allows Madrid to impose control over its devolved regions -- an unprecedented move that some fear could lead to unrest.
"We ask for dialogue and the answer by putting article 155 on the table. Understood," Puigdemont tweeted late Oct. 11.
Spanish Foreign Minister Alfonso Dastis said in an interview on Oct. 10 that the government would push ahead with Article 155 powers "with prudence and proportionality."
Invoking Article 155 to ease Spain’s worst political crisis in four decades would make prospects of a negotiated solution even more remote.
A spokesman for the Catalan government in Barcelona said earlier on Oct. 11 that if Madrid went down this road, it would press ahead with steps towards statehood.
“We have given up absolutely nothing...We have taken a time out...which doesn’t mean a step backwards, or a renunciation or anything like that,” Catalan government spokesman Jordi Turull told Catalunya Radio.
Spanish Socialist opposition leader Pedro Sanchez said he would back Rajoy if he had to activate Article 155 and that he agreed with the premier to launch constitutional reform within six months to address how Catalonia could fit better in Spain.
It was not clear how the Catalan government would respond to that offer.
While separatist leaders say 90 percent of voters opted to split from Spain in the unofficial October referendum, less than half of the region's eligible voters actually turned out.
The Catalonian separatist drive has raised concern for stability in a European Union still coming to terms with Britain's shock decision to leave the bloc, and Brussels has urged "full respect of the Spanish constitutional order.”
Catalonia, which accounts for about one-fifth of Spain's economic output, already enjoys significant powers over matters such as education and healthcare.
But Spain's economic strains during the world's financial crisis have helped push the cause of secession from the fringes of Catalan politics to centre stage.
Separatists say Catalonia pays more in taxes than it receives in investments and transfers from Madrid.
Puigdemont insisted on Oct. 11 that "the majority of Catalan people want Catalonia as an independent state" but Rajoy dismissed his plan as "a fairytale.”
"It is not peaceful, it is not free, it will not be recognised by Europe and now everyone knows it will have costs," he told lawmakers.