Lake Çıldır awaits visitors with its frozen surface
By the time Kısmet the horse sets off, Orhan Göller’s bare fingers have turned blue from the freezing temperatures. But the pure white surroundings and the echo of hooves are enough to delight his customers in eastern Turkey.
Between December and March when the ice is sufficiently thick on Çıldır Lake, one of the biggest in the Anatolia region, the 19-year-old who lives close by introduces tourists to the area which borders Georgia. “We have 25 centimeters today,” he says. “But the thickness can reach 40 centimeters. Some days the temperature falls to -30, -40 Celsius degrees. But it’s our livelihood.”
The lake, which is 20 kilometers (12 miles) long, is a paradise in the summer for migrating birds, especially gulls, swans and wild geese.
The region mainly produces cheese, including “gravyer” which is a form of gruyere, made in the eastern province of Kars, with holes like the European original.
The cheese is a legacy of a visit by a Swiss citizen invited by the tsar when the Russians occupied the regional capital 70 kilometres from the lake in the 1870s.
But at nearly 2,000 metres altitude, the winter is long and harsh and activity is rare so taking tourists on board horse-drawn sleighs is a small supplement to locals’ income.
Since the arrival of affluent visitors from Ankara by the Eastern Express, a tourist train which travels across Anatolia in 36 hours from the capital, revenue has risen.
Göller, an agronomy student in Kars, has grown up by the shores of Çıldır Lake and is happy to be a guide at weekends.
“We bring our culture, our traditions to life. In normal times, these sleighs are our mode of transport. In the past, our grandparents used them to go to hospital, to travel across the region’s villages,” Göller said.
Attractions include Caucasian horses racing across the ice, javelin throwing, fishing under the ice, which “we show to visitors to explain how we live here,” he added.
Three visitor access points have been created along the shore where restaurants and tea houses have sprung up along with hot wine kiosks to warm those on excursions to the lake.
When the majority of businesses have packed up and closed for the day, it’s just then as the sun fades that the frozen lake offers its utmost beauty.