İpek Duben’s most comprehensive show at SALT
Referring to the artist’s extensive use of her body image, the exhibition titled “The Skin, Body and I” offers insight into her works, exploring gender, male violence, displacement, migration and excessive consumption.
The exhibition reevaluates Duben’s entire oeuvre, from drawings and paintings made in the early 1980s to her most recent series “Angels and Clowns” in 2020.
Comprising a single drawing and 11 paintings, “Şerife” (1980-1981) is the first body of work in which Duben tackled issues such as migration, perception of the “other” and gender within a local context.
For the headless and bodiless portraits of Şerife, who went to the artist’s sister’s house to clean, the artist filled up a dress she had purchased from the street market to replace the live model. Creating a representational model of her subject and drawing attention to women whose presence and labor are deemed invisible, the paintings assume a feminist stance. They also convey the shift between cultural traditions and customs as well as urban and rural lives.
Based on a newspaper clipping, the triptych “Adale Adam” (The Muscle Man) (1988) includes a male figure proud of his muscles, unapologetically displaying his naked torso. In contrast to Şerife’s modest demeanor, these anonymous men covering the surface of the paintings with their upright bodies appear intimidating. Presented side by side in the exhibition, the two series highlight the inequality between gender-based body representations.
In 1984, Duben had the opportunity to examine miniatures from a broad geography, from Mongolia to Iran, at London’s Victoria and Albert Museum. The artist’s observations of the painted surfaces, depiction of the figures, spatial structures and compositions deeply affected her practice.
Duben’s desire to combine the energy and movement particular to expressionism with the inertia of the miniature also reflected the artist’s existential dilemmas in her journey from Istanbul, where she was born and raised, to Chicago for her studies.
She started investigating her position as a woman within the context of the East-West dichotomy through the painting series “Traces” (1990-2021) and “Register” (1991-1992). This issue became one of the main threads of her works, as in Manuscript 1994 (1993-1994), where she gravitated toward installation and artist books in line with her conceptual pursuits. Her investigation continued first through Manuscript X (2010-2012), and more recently, with Suspended (2012-2018).
The period she spent in New York during the 1990s was the start of a new and liberating era for Duben in which she combined her subject matter with different forms and materials. At the beginning of the 2000s, the artist focused on male violence and stories of forced migration.
The installations “LoveBook” (1998-2000), compiling news reports on violence against women from the Turkish and U.S. media, and “LoveGame” (1998-2001), based on the same scrutiny, showed Duben’s increasing desire to make an immersive environment.
While the artist approached the “other” through the lens of national identity in “What is a Turk?” (2003), she shifted her focus to displaced individuals - regardless of religion, language and ethnic origin - with “Farewell My Homeland” (2004). Built from Duben’s observations of the social, cultural and economic transformations in the last two decades, “Angels and Clowns” dealt with the contradictions of the new world that normalizes extremist consumption while overlooking the devastating losses experienced by a particular segment of society.
“The Skin, Body and I” will run through April 3, 2022.