US, Cuba sweeping aside Cold War enmity to restore ties
WASHINGTON - Agence France-Presse
Cubans watch US President Barack Obama talking on TV about the reestablishment of full diplomatic ties with Cuba, in Havana on July 1, 2015. AFP PhotoThe United States and Cuba abolish one of the last vestiges of the Cold War on July 20 when, in a move unimaginable just a few months ago, they restore diplomatic ties frozen for half a century.
For the first time since 1961, the Cuban red, white and blue flag will fly over Havana's newly upgraded embassy in Washington, just a stone's throw from the White House.
And from the crack of dawn on July 20, it will also take its place in a row of flags from around the world which adorn the State Department's imposing marble entrance.
In yet another historic gesture, US Secretary of State John Kerry will also formally receive his Cuban counterpart Bruno Rodriguez for talks, before holding a joint press conference.
Rodriguez will earlier preside over a ceremony to mark the upgrading of the Cuban interests section to a full embassy.
The remarkable turnaround in relations between the communist authorities in Cuba and the US administration after five decades of hostility has happened at break-neck speed.
In what will mark a foreign policy legacy for US President Barack Obama, he and his Cuban counterpart Raul Castro agreed on December 17 to end their estrangement and put their countries on track towards a full normalization of ties.
After a series of negotiations in Havana and Washington, the restoration of diplomatic ties has come about just seven months later.
But both nations have cautioned that this is only a beginning, warning overcoming decades of enmity is not easy.
There are "issues that we don't see eye-to-eye on," State Department spokesman John Kirby admitted July 17.
The United States "wants to move beyond a Cold War- era approach to one of constructive engagement as a way to support and empower the Cuban people," analyst Ted Piccone from the Brookings Institution told AFP.
"Cuba needs the United States as an economic engine for its troubled economy and hopes to attract new foreign investment and human capital to update its socialist model, but without undergoing political reform."
While their approach may be similar, "profound differences" remain and "building confidence and trust will be critical to the ability to move forward."
One of the biggest areas of contention remains human rights, with Washington pressing for an improvement in freedoms of expression, religion and the press in the Caribbean island nation.
Another tough issue is compensation for American property seized after the 1959 Cuban revolution led by Fidel Castro. Some 5,911 lawsuits have been opened in the United States with an estimated value of $7 billion to $8 billion.
On Havana's side, Castro has urged Obama to use his executive powers to "dismantle" the economic embargo in place since 1962, calling it the main stumbling block towards normalization between the two nations.
Washington also wants to ensure the return of several American fugitives wanted in the United States.
Top of the list is former member of the violent Black Panther revolutionary group, Joanne Chesimard, who is wanted for the killing of a New Jersey policeman in 1973 and has been hiding in Cuba since 1984.
On July 20, Rodriguez will preside over the ceremony to restore the Cuban interests section to an embassy to be attended by some 500 guests, including a 30-strong Cuban delegation.
The US interests section in Havana will also be upgraded to a full embassy, but with little fanfare as diplomats there await the arrival of Kerry, who is due to officially hoist the American Stars and Stripes over the building later this summer.
Human rights, law enforcement and property claims "are complex issues that require action on both sides and will be a test of this new pragmatic mood shaping the environment," said Piccone.
Other issues on the agenda include civil aviation ties, the fight against drug trafficking and opening up communications.
Tough negotiations eased one stumbling block, top US diplomat for Latin America Roberta Jacobson said, after insisting that American diplomats be allowed to operate freely across the island.
"The security presence outside the intersection has already been reduced... such that we hope people will not feel nearly the same kind of presence or threat," she told lawmakers.
And while American diplomats would still have to provide notification of their travel, they will no longer have to seek permission.