Turkey celebrates 101st anniversary of Sivas Congress
ANKARA- Anadolu Agency
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, and his brothers in arms held the pivotal weeklong congress of the Turkish National Movement in the eastern Sivas province on Sept. 4, 1919, when Turkish people were
fighting the War of Independence.
During the congress, the idea of mandate and patronage system was rejected, the idea of national independence was accepted, and decisions that will lead the national independence struggle were taken.
As part of the 101st-anniversary celebrations, some events were held in Sivas, which had been the center of the national struggle for 108 days.
The celebrations were held with a limited number of participants due to the coronavirus measures.
Atatürk continued the struggle for national liberation which he started in the Black Sea province of Samsun on May 19, 1919.
Leaving Amasya in the Black Sea region, he went to Sivas on June 27, a city he called a “reliable city.”
During the meeting in Sivas, the situation of the country was discussed and it was decided to hold a national congress in the city as soon as possible.
Atatürk gave the directives about the Sivas Congress and went to Erzurum to gather a congress on June 28. He came back to Sivas on Sept. 2 and stayed there until Dec. 18.
A group under Atatürk’s leadership laid the basis of the foundation of the Republic of Turkey on Sept. 4, 1919, in the building known today as Atatürk Congress and Ethnography Museum.
According to records, during the seven-day congress, various proposals were discussed for the liberation of the nation, and it ended on Sept. 11, 1919, with the publication of a final declaration.
“Either independence or death,” Atatürk said about the principles reached by the congress.
This movement led to a great victory on Sept. 9, 1922, and was crowned with the proclamation of the republic on Oct. 29, 1923.