UN slams ‘widespread and systematic use of excessive force’ in Venezuela
GENEVAThe U.N. decried on Aug. 8 “widespread and systematic use of excessive force” against demonstrators in Venezuela, saying security forces and pro-government groups were responsible for at least 73 protester deaths.
Presenting the preliminary findings from an investigation conducted in June and July, the U.N. rights office described “a picture of widespread and systematic use of excessive force and arbitrary detentions against demonstrators in Venezuela.”
“Witness accounts suggest that security forces, mainly the National Guard, the National Police and local police forces, have systematically used disproportionate force to instil fear, crush dissent, and to prevent demonstrators from assembling, rallying and reaching public institutions to present petitions,” the rights office said in a statement.
“Government authorities have rarely condemned such incidents,” it stressed.
Venezuela, which is suffering from an acute economic crisis marked by shortages of basic goods, has experienced four months of street demonstrations against President Nicolas Maduro that have left 125 people dead.
After receiving no response to repeated requests for access to Venezuela to investigate the situation in the country, U.N. rights chief Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein deployed a team of human rights officers to monitor the country remotely.
The investigators conducted 135 interviews between June 6 and July 31 with victims and their families, witnesses, civil society organisations, journalists, lawyers and doctors, among others.
“Since the wave of demonstrations began in April, there has been a clear pattern of excessive force used against protesters,” Zeid said in the statement.
“Several thousand people have been arbitrarily detained, many reportedly subjected to ill-treatment and even torture, while several hundred have been brought before military rather than civilian courts,” he said, stressing that “these patterns show no signs of abating.”
According to the preliminary findings, security forces were allegedly responsible for at least 46 of the protester deaths, while pro-government armed groups were behind 27.