Laptop ban, protectionism hang over booming air travel industry
CANCUN - ReutersAir travel is heading for a bumper year, but global airline leaders meeting in Mexico are concerned about the impact of an escalating row over laptop bans and rising protectionism.
Although the industry has overcome previous losses to notch up an eighth successive year of profit, the International Air Transport Association (IATA), which groups 275 airlines and meets from June 4-6, is now facing new challenges.
The Geneva-based group is at odds with President Donald Trump over efforts to widen a partial U.S. and British security ban on laptops in cabin baggage.
It is also worried about what it sees as protectionist rhetoric from Washington and Europe, saying this could temper growth in demand for air travel and freight.
“You see that in Europe, you see that in the U.S. ... Any barrier to borders, we consider as a threat,” IATA director general Alexandre de Juniac told reporters.
IATA said on June 1 that passenger traffic rose 10.7 percent in April, the fastest rate of growth since April 2011.
But restrictions on large electronic devices in the cabin, imposed in March on certain flights, were hitting traffic between the Middle East and the United States.
Airlines and airports are waiting to see if the United States will extend the restrictions, with the Department of Homeland Security yet to announce a decision.
IATA has proposed more stringent passenger screening as an alternative and has joined European regulators in citing the fire risks of having many lithium-powered devices in the hold.
“We recognize the (security) threat, we have no doubt about that, but we doubt the measure,” de Juniac said, adding the U.S. government now seemed in more of a “listening mode”.
The IATA conference could hear concerns from Middle East carriers who believe they are unfairly targeted by the ban, with Emirates, Qatar Airways and Turkish Airlines among the most affected by restrictions on U.S.-bound flights from some Middle East and North African airports.
U.S. officials have denied targeting any group of airlines or acting over anything other than pressing security concerns.
United Airlines’ widely-criticized removal of a passenger from one of its planes and the British Airways computer meltdown over a holiday weekend, which stranded thousands of passengers, have highlighted other challenges the industry faces.
IATA will on June 5 update forecasts that suggest the industry’s net profits will fall 16 percent to $29.8 billion this year after peaking in 2016, hit by fuel and labor costs.
Although traffic is rising, this is partly driven by cheaper fares. But yields - or average revenue per passenger - look set to stabilize this year, IATA chief economist Brian Pearce said.