Kerry reassures Afghanistan’s neighbors over US troop drawdown
DUSHANBE - Reuters
AP photoU.S. Secretary of State John Kerry sought on Nov. 3 to reassure the rulers of Tajikistan and Turkmenistan that Washington remained committed to Central Asia’s security, even though it is withdrawing troops from neighboring Afghanistan.
Both countries fear the spread of Islamist militancy, and U.S. officials worry that government crackdowns will backfire and bring greater instability.
Kerry met Tajik President Imomali Rakhmon in Dushanbe and was Turkmen President Kurbanguly Berdymukhamedov in Ashgabat.
“I emphasized the United States’ commitment to work with Tajikistan and other countries ... to strengthen border security,” Kerry told reporters after the talks with Rakhmon.
The two visits come on the last day of Kerry’s tour of Central Asia. He made stops in all five of the region’s former Soviet republics, in an effort to show that Washington intends to stay engaged as Russia, fresh from forays into Ukraine and Syria, reasserts itself.
U.S. officials hope Central Asian leaders will see President Barack Obama’s recent decision to slow the pace of U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan as proof that Washington is not abandoning them. Kerry’s trip was also meant to show that the United States wants to deepen not only security cooperation but also economic ties.
At the same time, Kerry emphasized in the Kazakh capital, Astana, on Monday that Central Asian governments must not use fears of extremism as an excuse to crack down on dissent or as a “license to use violence indiscriminately.” Either would only radicalize more people, he said.
U.S. officials are especially concerned about Tajikistan. During the summer, Rakhmon’s government banned the only official Islamist political party in former Soviet Central Asia. Last month, authorities arrested almost two dozen of its members.
Before Kerry’s trip, a senior U.S. official noted that men with the traditional long beards of devout Muslims have faced “particular persecution” in Tajikistan, something that has drawn criticism from international rights groups.
“... The great difficulties and challenges involved in counter-terrorism and the fight against violent extremism” needed to be balanced with human rights and religious freedom,” Kerry said.