Germany sees Schengen ‘in danger’ with new EU border curbs
AFP photoThe passport-free Schengen zone is “in danger” because of Europe’s refugee crisis, Germany warned on Jan. 4 after Nordic countries announced new controls at their borders to stem a migrant influx.
“Freedom of movement is an important principle – one of the biggest achievements [in the European Union] in recent years,” Foreign Ministry spokesman Martin Schaefer told reporters.
“Schengen is very important but it is in danger,” he added when asked about Denmark’s announcement of checks at the German border, on the same day Sweden introduced controls on its frontier with Denmark.
Last week Norway, which is not an EU member but does belong to the Schengen area, said it would start turning back refugees without visas arriving from elsewhere in the Schengen zone, particularly Sweden.
Schaefer said it was “crucial that we in Europe find common solutions” to the worst refugee crisis since World War II, and said the EU must now focus on ensuring the security of its external borders.
Chancellor Angela Merkel’s spokesman, Steffen Seibert, said the Schengen accord, which provides for borderless travel across most of the 28-nation EU, was dependent on better protection of the EU’s frontiers.
“We need a common strategy,” he said.
Seibert said Danish Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen had informed Merkel of his decision before making the announcement.
The migrant crisis, which saw some 1 million people flooding into Europe in 2015, mostly via Greece and Italy, has sorely tested Europe’s commitment to free movement, with several EU members temporarily reimposing border controls as they try to slow the influx.
Seibert noted that Germany, which took in around 1 million migrants in 2015, had also implemented such measures in September and acknowledged that the Schengen rules allowed such steps in extraordinary circumstances.
Up to 300 asylum seekers leave Germany each day for Denmark, according to Berlin, many of them headed for Sweden, which has received more migrants per capita than any other EU state.
Czech President Milos Zeman, meanwhile, who is known for his anti-Islam rhetoric, said on Jan. 4 Egyptian fundamentalist group Muslim Brotherhood was likely to blame for the Europe migrant crisis.
Egypt’s government has branded the group a terrorist organization and outlawed it in 2013 after the military overthrew elected Islamist President Mohamed Morsi.
Zeman previously called the influx of the migrants who are fleeing war and poverty an “organized invasion” and in an interview with Czech public radio he said: “I think that this invasion is organized by the Muslim Brotherhood.”
Zeman said he had received information from the leaders of the United Arab Emirates and Morocco that the Muslim Brotherhood is an umbrella organization for Islamic militants and that it wants to rule “the entire world.”