Bitcoin tops $18,000 in debut on major bourse
NEW YORK - Agence France-Presse
Bitcoin surged past $18,000 after it began trading on its first major global exchange on Dec. 10, the latest in a series of highs that have excited some investors while leaving others nervous of a bubble.
Trading of the controversial digital currency on a futures contract began at 6:00 pm (2300 GMT) on the Chicago board options exchange (Cboe) at a price of $15,000.Heavy traffic made the Cboe website inaccessible in the first 20 minutes, but it said that “trading runs on very separate systems and was totally unaffected by the website issues.”
Around 0320 GMT, bitcoin was trading at $17,750 per unit for the futures contract expiring on Jan. 17, thus exceeding the highest value it had reached on alternative non-regulated internet platforms.
It even climbed past $18,000.A futures contract is a financial product that allows investors to bet on whether the currency’s price will rise or fall.
Bob Fitzsimmons, a futures manager at Wedbush Securities, described the opening as “quiet and steady,” as Cboe data showed around a thousand trades were made in the first two hours.
The Cboe debut is expected to be followed a week later by a rival listing on Chicago Mercantile Exchange.
It marks the first opportunity for professional traders to invest in bitcoin, even as some steer away because of a lack of regulations surrounding the currency.“It gives it legitimacy.
It recognizes that it’s an asset you can trade,” said Nick Colas, of Data Trek research.Among those cheering the launch are the Winklevoss twins, who have been called the first bitcoin billionaires.
Critics include financial commentator Jim Cramer, who warns that prices could tumble once the new trading venues open the door to “short sellers,” who bet on downward moves in assets.
The two launches were made possible after a key U.S. regulator, the Commodities and Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), gave the green light to the exchanges on Dec. 1, while warning “of the potentially high level of volatility and risk in trading these contracts.”
Several leading financial heavyweights are still studying bitcoin and not serving as financial intermediaries. This group includes JPMorgan Chase, Bank of America Merrill Lynch, Citigroup, Barclays, Morgan Stanley and Societe Generale, said people close to the matter.
Of the larger banks, only Goldman Sachs and ABN Amro are serving as intermediaries for the trades.
That means most of the terrain will be dominated by smaller entities that are typically requiring larger than usual margin requirements -- funds set aside as collateral in case of losses.
The Cboe, for its part, sought to reassure investors.
“We are committed to continue to work closely with the CFTC to monitor trading and foster the growth of a transparent, liquid and fair bitcoin futures market,” it said in a statement.
Wedbush Securities has lifted its margin requirements and is only permitting trades from clients on a “selected” basis, said Fitzsimmons.
“We are commissioning only the select clients who have experience in bitcoins,” he said.
“Our risk systems are ready and we have made sure we have our customers and firm protected by increased margins and increased scrutiny.”