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BUSINESS > US-sanctioned Chinese firm wins Turkey missile defense system tender

ANKARA/ISTANBUL

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The U.S. Patriot air defense system, which is seen in the photo, was deployed by NATO against an eventual attack from Syria in the beginning of 2013. It was one of the systems competing for Turkey’s long-range anti-missile and air defense systems. DAILY NEWS photo, Selahattin SÖNMEZ

The U.S. Patriot air defense system, which is seen in the photo, was deployed by NATO against an eventual attack from Syria in the beginning of 2013. It was one of the systems competing for Turkey’s long-range anti-missile and air defense systems. DAILY NEWS photo, Selahattin SÖNMEZ

NATO member Turkey has chosen a Chinese defense firm that has been sanctioned by Washington to co-produce a $4 billion long-range air and missile defense system, rejecting rival bids from Russian, United States, French and Italian firms.

With the decision, announced today following a meeting of the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries' executive council, which is headed by Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Ankara approved the lowest offer despite worries about the Chinese system’s ultimate compatibility with NATO-owned early warning assets.

CPMIEC (China Precision Machinery Export-Import Corp.) submitted an offer for its HQ-9 that included co-production solutions – which was requested by Turkish authorities – at a reported $3 billion.

The other bidders were the U.S. partnership of Raytheon and Lockheed Martin, offering the Patriot air defense system; Russia’s Rosoboronexport, marketing the S-300; and the Italian-French consortium Eurosam, maker of the SAMP/T Aster 30.

In February, the United States announced sanctions on CPMIEC for violations of the Iran, North Korea and Syria Nonproliferation Act. 
 
It did not say precisely what CPMIEC had done, but Washington has penalised the company before. In 2003, Washington said it was extending sanctions on the firm for arms sales to Iran. It was unclear when those measures were first imposed.
 
Officials at state-run CPMIEC, the marketing arm of China's missile manufacturing industry, could not immediately be reached for comment.
 
Turkey, which has the second-largest deployable military force in the NATO alliance, has no long-range missile defense system of its own, but NATO has deployed the U.S.-built Patriot air and missile defense system there since 2012.
 
The winning Chinese FD-2000 system beat the Patriot, the Russian S-400 and the French-Italian Eurosam Samp-T. 
 
Raytheon Co, which builds the Patriot missile system, said it had been informed about the Turkish decision and hoped to get a briefing soon. It said there were 200 Patriot units deployed in 12 countries, including Turkey.
 
"NATO has long supported the system, deploying Patriots in five aligned countries and, in 2012, providing a requested Patriot deployment to Turkey. Given this strong performance, we hope to have an opportunity to debrief and learn more about this decision," Raytheon spokesman Mike Doble said.
 
Made in China


CPMIEC does not make missiles itself. The two main manufacturers are China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp (CASC) and China Aerospace Science and Industry Corp (CASIC). CASC makes intercontinental ballistic missiles, while CASIC focuses on short- and intermediate-range rockets.
 
After decades of steep military spending increases and cash injections into local contractors, experts say some Chinese-made equipment is now comparable to Russian or Western weaponry.
 
China last year became the world's fifth-biggest arms supplier with 5 percent of the market, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Pakistan was its biggest buyer. 

September/26/2013

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Brit in Turkey

9/29/2013 6:23:31 PM

Thessalonian and Mordechai Vanunu: Thank you for your your clarification and expansion. Nevertheless my original post is entirely correct even if Apple may not use ARM designs. For your information the British founded colonies in America in 1607 at New England whilst the Dutch did not arrive until 1613. To dispel a possible misconception ARM do not make chips but design and licence the designs to chip foundries (including AMD and Intel at one time I believe). Check their website for a surprise.

Brit in Turkey

9/29/2013 6:04:34 PM

Mordechai Vanunu: "Brits are not so great". Please consider the list of inventions made by British scientists over the last two hundred years if you are so unsure. What has your country contributed to the modern world?

Thessalonian

9/28/2013 8:00:49 PM

@Brit in Turkey. Absolutely and positively sure. Iphone chipsets are designed and built in South Korea by Samsung. Regards

Mordechai Vanunu

9/28/2013 4:25:19 PM

@ Brit in Turkey - Red Tail: 1) the founded colony was Nieuw Amsterdam. the brits won a war against the dutch - so they handed over the city which is now known as New York (see flag of New York City, even Broadway and the Wall Street are originally dutch). 2)Apple combines ARM with NXP ! 3)indeed Yuri gagarin is first spaceman! What does this amazing facts show us - Brits are not so great - second even if China will need more than 100 years to the moon everybody knows they will succeed.

Brit in Turkey

9/28/2013 12:22:37 PM

Mordechai Vanunu and Thessalonian: 1) Are you sure that the processors in the iPhones are not designed by a British company (ARM)? Processors in most phones and smart phones are. 2) The New World was discovered by Christopher Columbus (in 1492) or possibly earlier by the Vikings. 3). New York is named after the city of York in England. That must tell you something. America was a British colony before independence. 4) The first human in space was a Russian - Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin in 1961.

Eric Martin

9/28/2013 3:54:58 AM

Notice how angry all the bootlicking Turks, EuroTurks(lol) and Americans are here. I count FOUR pages of comments. Mainly by angry foreigners. Agree with Murat but i don't agree with it being risky. Good job to the government. Stay principled not make deals you're pressured to make by nato.(us defen$e companies) This system was tested. Why wouldn't we buy it?

Thessalonian

9/28/2013 12:23:29 AM

@ilker avni. You can't be serious... If you are however, I'd say you need help. Regards

american american

9/27/2013 11:14:23 PM

or ilker, turkey is doing us's bidding and buying chinese weapons so we can figure out their weaknesses....woops turkey and israel best of friends as usual

ilker avni

9/27/2013 6:55:15 PM

US made system would be useless if used against Israel,hence why Turkey is buying Chinese,and will view Israel as a enemy.

Baris

9/27/2013 6:27:52 PM

K M: "attempts to foment a war with Syria and invoke Article 5". That's some imagination, K M.
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