'The Shape of Water' and cinema's love affair with monsters
LOS ANGELES - AFP
In the charm stakes, he's hardly Cary Grant, but the goofy-looking amphibian in "The Shape of Water" upholds a tradition of monster movies that has captured the public's imagination since the early days of cinema.
Guillermo del Toro's genetically-modified story of love blossoming between his merman-like star and a mute human underscored the popularity of the genre on March 4, with Oscars wins for best picture and director.
The old Universal creature features, modern Japanese ghost stories and innumerable gore fests involving the undead in various states of decay might trouble even the sturdiest constitution.
But the monster movie straddles numerous genres other than horror from comedy and fantasy to science fiction and Del Toro is capitalizing on cinema's love affair with the cuddly, loveable end of the market.
"Monsters aren't always frightening or evil. The monsters of Pixar's 'Monsters Inc.' and certainly the title character of 'Harry and the Hendersons' were charming and sweet," writes John Landis, director of "An American Werewolf in London" (1981), in his book "Monsters in the Movies."
Paul Wegener's 1915 German silent film "The Golem" is widely regarded as the first creature feature, while "Nosferatu," still one of Germany's most iconic horror films, came along seven years later.
US filmmakers got the bug in the 1930s, producing a series of German-influenced gothic tales about Dracula, Frankenstein, the Mummy and the Invisible Man.
Spool forward a few decades and "Jurassic Park" (1993), "Cloverfield" (2008), "Troll Hunter" (2010) and Del Toro's own "Pacific Rim" (2013) have all proved critical and commercial hits. "King Kong" (1933), perhaps the most popular behemoth of them all, has become a cultural icon through various Japanese and US movies, with the most recent iterations, "King Kong" (2005) and "Kong: Skull Island" (2017), recouping more than $1 billion worldwide.
Kendall Phillips, a Syracuse University professor and author of the recently published "A Place of Darkness: The Rhetoric of Horror in Early American Cinema" said the "otherness" of monsters frightens us.
"King Kong is a horrible threatening monster that does dangerous things, and yet one cannot help -- whether it's the 1933 version or the most recent version -- to have a certain level of sympathy," he said.
Demons from the deep aren't always cinematic gold, of course, and among the failures Phillips highlighted Universal's "The Mummy" (2017).
The Tom Cruise actioner was supposed to launch the studio's "Dark Universe" franchise, rebooting all its classic monsters, but it flopped spectacularly, scoring a 16 percent approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes and losing an estimated $95 million.
The academic said "The Shape of Water" proved to be the perfect antidote to America's divisive culture wars, with their unrelenting message from certain politicians and other public figures to "fear the other."
"Here we have this movie that tells a beautiful love story really, about two entities who feel disconnected and not part of the world, and are somehow able to bridge that gap," he said.
While it may not have been as beloved as the best picture favorite "Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri," it wasn't hated either, and likely didn't rack up last place rankings on voters' ballots.
"Three Billboards," was acclaimed by critics but is likely to have garnered as many last-place votes as top rankings due to a backlash over how it appears to absolve one of its main characters, a violent, racist police officer.
"Granted, films don't always need to feel good to win Oscar. Just look at gritty best picture winners like 'The Departed' (2006), 'No Country for Old Men' (2007) and 'The Hurt Locker' (2008)," he wrote.
"'Three Billboards' would have fit that darker mold. But on a preferential ballot, it might help to be huggable."