Russian President Vladimir Putin hosted Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani in Sochi, Russia, on Nov. 22.
Turkey’s relations with the West and its organizations have been turbulent and ambivalent ever since the Republic was established in 1923. Independence was won fighting against Western proxies, and Turkish leaders have never forgotten that Western countries previously tried to divide the country.
We have recently been watching Saudi Arabia with the same level of interest we had during the 1973 oil shock and the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks in the U.S.
The Baku-Tbilisi-Kars (BTK) railway line went into operation last week with a ceremony at the Port of Baku, attended by the presidents of Turkey, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.
Iraq has been in turmoil one way or another since Saddam Hussein, the former president of Iraq, decided to invade Iran in September 1980. T
Pundits all over the world and Euro-bureaucrats have been discussing future scenarios for Europe since the United Kingdom’s vote to leave the European Union in June 2016.
The trend of rising far-right populist parties in Europe continued with the Austrian parliamentary election on Oct. 15, 2017. While the conservative People’s Party (ÖVP) took the lead with 31.6 percent of the vote in the election, the far-right Freedom Party (FPÖ) came second with 27.4 percent.
The modern international system has been shaped around a few basic principles including territorial integrity and sovereign equality of states, dating back to the Treaty of Westphalia of 1648
Hardly a day passes without a new development that fuels the turmoil in the Middle East.