OECD backs Japan deflation fight
TOKYO - Agence France-Presse
Angel Gurria (L), Secretary-General of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) passes OECD’s economic survey of Japan to Japan’s Economy, Trade and Industry Minister Toshimitsu Motegi in Tokyo. REUTERS photoThe Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development yesterday backed Japan’s bid to end years of deflation, but called on Tokyo to step up efforts to shrink its huge debt pile.
In an annual country report, the 34-member OECD described the new government’s bid to reverse falling prices with huge stimulus measures as “most encouraging”.
Deflation has dragged on growth in the world’s third-largest economy for at least 15 years with successive administrations unable to conquer the problem.
But critics say the policies of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his hand-picked Bank of Japan team could inflate the country’s massive public debt, which at more than twice the size of the economy is the worst in the industrialised world.
“Ending 15 years of deflation is a priority,” the report said, adding that “the new government’s resolve to revitalise the economy through a three-pronged strategy combining bold monetary policy, flexible fiscal policy and a growth strategy, is most encouraging”.
But “stopping and reversing the rise in the debt-to-GDP ratio is crucial”, it added.
Since sweeping landslide national elections in December, Abe has pushed controversial big-spending, easy-money policies -- dubbed “Abenomics” -- that have fuelled optimism in an economy that has struggled for two decades.
Despite warnings from some economists that the policies could fail, investors have cheered the moves.
A weaker currency tends to help Japan’s exporters and, in turn, lifts their shares. But the yen’s rapid weakening in recent months has stoked criticism from abroad that Tokyo was engineering a currency devaluation to lift its economy at the expense of rival nations.
The OECD appeared to dismiss those fears yesterday, saying that the Bank of Japan’s “aggressive monetary easing will boost growth and inflation, in part through a weaker yen, although Japan is not targeting the exchange rate”.
The comments come days after finance chiefs of the G20, following a meeting in Washington, gave a cautious endorsement of Japan’s huge monetary stimulus programme, agreeing it was necessary to boost the country’s stagnant economy.
Also yesterday, the OECD reiterated its calls on Japan to adopt deep reforms alongside its new economy-boosting efforts, including controlling social security costs as a rapidly ageing population strains the public purse.