EU fails to calm investors
BERLIN - Reuters
Christmas shoppers rest on a bench on Oxford Street in central London on Dec 11. Commenting on uncertainties in EU, German Finance Minister Schaeuble says ‘We can’t go into our Christmas break already.’ AFP photoLast week’s EU summit went a long way towards forging the closer economic ties needed to prevent future debt crises but markets are likely to judge it as too little and too late to solve the current one.
As on previous occasions, the measures are unlikely to calm investors for long.
European Union leaders ended the summit with a historic agreement to draft a new treaty for deeper integration in the eurozone, but analysts and policymakers remained sceptical such long-term steps could solve the crisis that has shaken Europe for two years.
While German Chancellor Angela Merkel said she didn’t expect leaders would meet again before Christmas, a senior EU official said he thought market pressure would compel them to meet in a room together again sooner rather than later.
The euro slipped early yesterday, safe haven German government bond futures rose and European stock futures were pointing lower, though none of the moves were dramatic.
“The moves by the euro zone policymakers are not a damp squib but neither are they the big bazooka hoped for that could really ease market tension for an extended period,” said Howard Archer, economist at IHS Global Insight.
The euro slipped in Asia yesterday as investors took the view that the EU plan was not the decisive move needed to resolve the debt crisis.
EU leaders agreed to lend up to 200 billion euros to the International Monetary Fund to help it aid euro zone strugglers, and to bring forward the permanent rescue fund European Stability Mechanism (ESM) by a year to mid-2012.
Those steps, together with a leveraged EFSF - the existing bailout fund - are intended to boost help for troubled eurozone countries, such as Italy and Spain, the bloc’s third and fourth largest economies, as they muddle through their refinancing crunches.
Italy alone has 150 billion euros in debt falling due between February and April of next year.
However, it is still months until the ESM comes into force and few international investors seem keen to pay into the European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF).
“The pattern of previous EU summits seems to be repeating itself. Prices increase ahead of the summit, only to crumble afterwards,” said Markus Reinwand of Helaba.
Further dampening investors’ confidence, many of the summit’s decisions still need to be approved in national capitals, something that has proved a challenge in the past for leaders returning home from tough talks in Brussels.
“A lot of uncertainty remains. Most of all we have to implement quickly what was agreed,” German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble told public broadcaster ZDF. “We’ve got to work on that with high urgency. We can’t go into our Christmas break already.”
Such uncertainties include the plan to push forward the ESM, writing the new fiscal rules into national law and details on how to fork out up to 200 billion euros for the IMF to boost its crisis-fighting arsenal.
In Germany for instance, the size of its contribution to the IMF loans has not yet been fixed. The government and central bank aim for a conclusion in the coming week, but it remains unclear whether those countries already receiving euro zone aid will contribute or how to deal with a shortfall if they don’t.
“I suspect events will overtake us over the next few weeks. Fiscal co-ordination is a good idea, and it’s good that’s happening, but it’s not going to be enough to solve the problem that we have,” Irish transport minister Leo Varadkar told national broadcaster RTE.
Outgoing European Central Bank chief economist Juergen Stark, who sources say is quitting because of his opposition to the ECB’s bond-buying program, was quoted as saying in Sueddeutsche Zeitung that greater involvement of the IMF would be “an act of desperation”.
“Hardly anything has been carved in stone, the bazooka is a tripartite conglomerate of smaller fire weapons and national decision-making processes could still spoil (the) plan,” said Carsten Brzeski, economist at ING in Brussels.
“It’s not over yet but the euro zone is on a good way towards a fiscal compact and saving the euro.”