China’s manufacturing hits snag
BEIJING - Agence France-Presse
In a photo taken on May 31 two workmen sit on a building site in Beijing. China’s manufacturing activity grew at a markedly lower rate in May, official data showed June 1, providing further confirmation that the world’s number two economy is slowing rapidly. AFP photoChina’s manufacturing sector weakened in May, two closely watched indices showed on June 1, providing further confirmation that the world’s second largest economy is slowing more than previously thought.
The official purchasing managers’ index (PMI) for manufacturing indicated a sharper than expected slowdown in April, while separate data released by British banking giant HSBC showed a contraction for the same month.
The HSBC data marked the seventh consecutive contraction in manufacturing activity and the bank’s chief China economist Qu Hongbin said the figure pointed to a slowing of the economy.
“May’s final reading confirmed that manufacturing growth slowed further on weakening demand from both global and domestic markets,” he said.
“This points to a continuous slowdown of the real economy in the second quarter and should promote Beijing to step up easing efforts in the coming months.”
PMI stands at 48.4
HSBC’s final PMI index for May stood at 48.4 compared with 49.3 in April, as demand slowed in both China’s own markets and abroad.
The official data showed a smaller than expected expansion in the sector, with PMI falling to 50.4 from 53.3 in April according to the China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing.
For both the federation’s and HSBC’s indices, a reading above 50 indicates expansion, while a reading below 50 suggests contraction.
“The rather sharp decline in the May PMI accords with the trend of economic slowdown,” Zhang Liqun, an analyst with the federation, said in a statement.
The federation’s figure marked the sixth consecutive month of expansion and missed market expectations. Economists had predicted it would come in at 51.5, according to Dow Jones Newswires.
Economists predict more measures to come as fears of a sustained slowdown intensify.
An index for new orders also issued by the Chinese federation on June 1 was down sharply, dipping to 49.8 in May from 54.5 in the previous month.
“Based on this, we can expect that enterprises will operate at an even slower rate in the future, and economic growth may continue to decline,” Zhang said.
The British bank said the slowdown at China’s plants and workshops also led jobs to be cut, with the latest reduction in staff numbers the sharpest in more than three years.
Indian factory growth steady
Mumbai - Agence France-Presse
India’s factory sector continued to expand in May, a key survey showed on June 1, indicating some confidence in Asia’s third-largest economy after the release of dire growth data.
The HSBC India Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI), a measure of factory output, was marginally down to 54.8 in May from 54.9 in April.
A reading above 50 reflects expansion, while a reading below 50 suggests contraction.
Official data a day earlier showed that India’s economy grew at a near-decade low of 5.3 percent in the January to March quarter, well below analysts’ 6.1 percent forecasts.
HSBC’s chief India economist Leif Eskesen said export orders rose for seventh consecutive month, but he warned of threats to India’s growth.
“Inflation is still high and capacity remains tight with backlogs of work rising,” Eskesen said in a statement. “The central bank does not have a strong case for further rate cuts.” The Reserve Bank of India reduced rates in April, its first such move in three years, after hiking borrowing costs 13 times since March 2010 to curb stubbornly high prices.