China, India leaders meet to patch up strained ties
BEIJING - Agence France-Presse
While last year's high-altitude standoff in the Himalayas has been resolved, the world's most populous countries have a long history of mistrust.
New Delhi has also raised concerns about Beijing's Belt and Road initiative, a global trade infrastructure programme that includes a major project through Pakistan-administered Kashmir, disputed territory that New Delhi claims is illegally occupied.
However, the two leaders discussed "strengthening the exchanges and mutual learning between the two civilisations of China and India and promoting the harmonious coexistence and dialogue of different civilisations," the official Xinhua news agency said on its social media account.
Following the museum tour, Modi and Xi were due to hold talks and have dinner together, according to the prime minister's official agenda. On Saturday, they will walk along the East Lake, ride a boat and have lunch together.
The summit "is New Delhi's well-intentioned attempt to reach out to Beijing to see if the past can be put behind and if the relationship can be reset," Harsh Pant, international relations professor at King's College London, told AFP.
"We will discuss our respective visions and priorities for national development, particularly in the context of current and future international situation," Modi said. Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang said on April 24 that the two leaders have "a good working relationship and personal friendship".
They agreed that an informal summit would be conducive to having "full and in-depth exchanges on major issues of common concern in a suitable atmosphere", Lu said.
Both nations say they are committed to solving long-standing border disagreements through dialogue, but progress has been glacial.
In February Beijing lodged an angry protest with New Delhi over a trip by Modi to the state.
The dispute began in June when Chinese troops started building a road on the plateau and India deployed troops to stop the project. A crisis was averted in August when the two nuclear-armed nations pulled back.
"We have to step out of the shadows of the 1962 war," said Wang Dehua, a South and Central Asia expert at the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences.
"The meeting will focus on avoiding the unhappy events we saw in Doklam last year," Wang said.
Chinese defense ministry spokesman Wu Qian said Thursday that the people of both countries share the aspiration of maintaining peace in the border areas.
He said Beijing was willing to enhance mutual trust "despite some difficulties and obstacles in the bilateral military relationship", according to the official Xinhua news agency.
Indian analysts point to a pragmatic reason for Modi to want better relations with China: he faces national elections next year, and he would be better off with stable ties with the world's second-largest economy.
"I don't think he would like to go into an election with the kind of relationship, the low point it had reached over the last year," Pant said.
With China facing a potential tariff war with the United States, Beijing and New Delhi could find common ground on international trade, Pant said.