Archaeologists unearthing treasures just meters from ISIL
GAZİANTEP - The Associated Press
An undated handout image provided by the Turkish-Italian Archaeological Expedition shows a mosaic floor amid the ruins of the expedition house of Lawrence of Arabia, who worked at Karkamış between 1911 and 1914, at a site outside Karkamış, Turkey, meters away from the Turkey-Syria border and the Syrian city of Jarablous.Archaeology and war don’t usually mix, yet that’s been the case for years at Karkamış, an ancient city along the Turkey-Syria border where an excavation team announced its newest finds Nov. 15 just meters from territory controlled by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
Karkamış, dating back more than 5,000 years, is close to the Syrian city of Jarablous, which now flies the black banner of the Islamic extremist group.
U.S.-led coalition aircraft flew overhead as Nicolo Marchetti, a professor of archaeology and art history of the ancient Near East at the University of Bologna, detailed the latest finds. Marchetti is the project director at Karkamış, where the Turkish military let archaeologists resume work in 2011 for the first time since its troops occupied the site about 90 years ago.
“Basically we work 20 meters away from the Islamic State-controlled areas,” Marchetti said, standing at the site, which is guarded by more than 500 Turkish soldiers, tanks and artillery. “Still, we have had no problem at all. ... We work in a military area. It is very well-protected.”
The project, which also includes archaeologists from Gaziantep and Istanbul universities, is doing the most extensive excavations at Karkamış in nearly a century, building on the work of British Museum teams that included T.E. Lawrence, the adventurer known as Lawrence of Arabia.
Marchetti said the plan was to open the site to tourists next spring. A concrete barrier, about four meters high, will be installed at the site. “This will be a total protection for the tourists,” he said.
The strategic city, its importance long known to scholars because of references in ancient texts, was under the sway of Hittites and other imperial rulers and independent kings.
However, archaeological investigation there was halted by World War I. It was stopped again by hostilities between Turkish nationalists and French colonizers from Syria who built machine gun nests in its defensive walls. Part of the area was mined in the 1950s, and in later years, creating deadly obstacles to excavation. Demining was completed just a few years ago.
Archaeologists are completing their fourth season unearthing the secrets of Karkamış along the Euphrates. The name Karkamış means “Quay of (the god) Kamis,” a deity at the time in northern Syria. Stone monuments decorated with sculptures, hieroglyphics and more than 20-meter-high city walls attest to the influence of the town.
House of Lawrance of Arabia
Among this year’s finds were sculptures in the palace of King Katuwa, who ruled the area around 900 B.C. There were five large orthostats in limestone and basalt, a dark grey to black rock, that portray rows of individuals bearing gifts of gazelle. An orthostate is an upright stone or slab that forms part of a structure.
The archaeologists also found a mosaic floor in the palace of Sargon II, who reigned around 700 B.C. over Assyria, an ancient empire mostly located in Mesopotamia. And the team finished exploration of the ruins of the expedition house of Lawrence of Arabia, who worked at Karkamış between 1911 and 1914.
The team began its project in 2011 around the time that the Syrian uprising against President Bashar al-Assad began escalating. About one-third of the 90-hectare archaeological site lies inside Syria and is therefore off-limits; construction and farming in Jarablous have encroached on what was the outer edge of the ancient city. Most discoveries have been made on the Turkish side.