Elif Ergu - ISTANBUL
A Turkish astrophysicist professor has begun work on a new U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) project to create a powerful space telescope.
Professor Feryal Özel, the only Turkish woman scientist at NASA, is already managing a project for an event horizon telescope that aims to monitor a black hole.
“I’m overseeing a big project for NASA. The project is a space telescope which could come online in the 2020s. Meanwhile, the Event Horizon Telescope project that will monitor a black hole is about to finish. The calculations for the projects are finished. We will start to monitor it in April. We will start a monitoring process that will take 10 days with telescopes placed all around the world in April. This is a very exciting period,” she said.
Özel, who teaches at Harvard University and the University of Arizona, specializes on black holes.
“I focus on the event horizon of black holes, which can absorb matter and even light. On one hand, I have been making calculations to understand whether black holes are really as we have understood and hypothesized and, on the other, to prepare for the Event Horizon Telescope’s observations and understand whether or not there are any changes in the laws of physics in the vicinity of black holes,” she said. I also continue to teach courses in Arizona and Harvard Universities,” she added.
Özel also noted that living a normal life on Mars would be impossible.
“There are no suitable conditions to live and maintain a life as we know it on Mars. The atmospheric pressure is very low. There is no possibility to maintain a normal life. Mars might have had surface water in the past, but we are not sure if it ever produced life,” she said.
In 2003, Özel was named to a list of “Big Ideas” alongside such scientific luminaries as Albert Einstein and John Nash.
Özel, who determined that she wanted to be a scientist when she was 10 years old, graduated from Üsküdar American
High School before continuing studies at Columbia University in a double major of mathematical and physical engineering. She has been conducting research at NASA
The scientist is the only Turkish scientist to receive a PhD at Harvard University and is a member and Hubble Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. Özel has also been a fellow at the Harvard-Radcliffe Institute and a visiting professor at the Miller Institute at the University of California
in Berkeley. She has appeared on numerous TV documentaries such as the “Universe” series on the History Channel.