PARIS - Agence France-Presse
Children play outside a caravan in a Roma camp covered by snow in path called "Chemin Napoleon" along the rail track on January 22, 2013 in Hellemmes, near Lille, northern France. Interior Minister Manuel Valls justified forced evictions in an interview with Le Figaro. AFP photo
Ethnic Roma living in France are considering legal action against Interior Minister Manuel Valls for incitement to racial hatred after he vowed to continue a controversial programme of dismantling illegal camps.
The threat followed comments by Valls in an interview with rightwing daily Le Figaro published March 15, in which he claimed around 20,000 Roma migrants from Bulgaria and Romania had no interest in integrating into French
This, he said, was "for cultural reasons or because they are in the hands of begging or prostitution networks." Activist group Roma Voice said Valls's comments were "concentrated lies" designed to smear the entire community.
"This interview is a very bad sign," the organisation said in a statement. "It signals a hardening of a policy that has been in place since 2003." As well as considering a complaint under French
law, Roma Voice said they would be reporting Valls's latest comments to the European Union, which has repeatedly questioned the legality of France's policy of systematically dismantling illegal camps and repatriating Roma to Bulgaria and Romania.
The policy, which has also been criticised by the United Nations' human rights arm and other watchdogs, has failed to significantly reduce the number of Roma living in the makeshift settlements, which Valls confirmed remained around 20,000.
France provides free flights and financial incentives for Roma willing to be repatriated to their countries of origin. But they cannot be prevented from returning under European Union
freedom of movement rules.
Under pressure from the EU and some of his colleagues in the Socialist government, Valls agreed last year that camp clearances should not take place without alternative housing plans being put in place first.
But that policy was applied in only 15 of 63 cases in the second half of last year, according to a report published last month by the European Association for the Defence of Human Rights (AEDH).
The AEDH said almost 12,000 ethnic Roma were evicted from camps across France in 2012, 80 percent of them forcibly and around two-thirds of them in the second half of the year, after the Socialist Party came to power.
Valls justifies forced evictions on the grounds that the often squalid camps represent a threat to the health of their inhabitants and, when they are located near roads or rail lines, can be dangerous.