Oil glut going but growth not over a barrel: OPEC
The OPEC oil cartel said on Oct. 11 it sees the glut in oil supplies that has hammered crude prices disappearing as global economic growth picks up, but costs are expected to remain stable.
In its regular monthly report, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, said that “increasing evidence that the oil market is heading toward rebalancing” had led to increases in oil prices last month.
OPEC’s reference basket price for a price for a barrel of oil hit $53.44 in September, its highest value since July 2015.
The cartel raised its forecasts for global oil demand due to the improving outlook for economic growth, which increases thirst for crude and other sources of energy.
OPEC now sees the global economy growing by 3.6 percent this year and by 3.5 percent in 2018, an increase by a tenth of a percentage point.
Increasing demand for oil will be matched by added supplies, but OPEC’s forecasts for the balance of supply and demand foresee a greater reliance on the cartel’s output.
Its data for this year show that despite increasing output in real terms by its members as well as non-members, the small rise in OPEC production left the market in deficit in recent months to soak up the glut of supplies.
After oil tumbled below $30 last year, OPEC shifted strategy with the production pact that has seen prices recover to fluctuate in the $50-55 range.
However it doesn’t see prices climbing soon.
“A rise above that level would encourage US oil producers to expand their drilling activities, otherwise the lower prices could lead to a reduction” in investments, it added.
The main international crude oil futures contract, Brent, was trading at around $56.83 in late morning London trading. The main U.S. contract, WTI, was at $51.30.
A sharp increase in oil prices would tend to discourage consumption and thus growth.