Merkel, Macron back eurozone budget in ‘new chapter’ for bloc
The leaders of Germany and France agreed on June 19 to create a budget for the eurozone and hailed a “new chapter” for the currency union, but they left the details to be worked out later with other members of the 19-country bloc.
Their meeting, to prepare for an EU summit on June 28-29, had been dubbed a “moment of truth” for bilateral relations by France’s finance minister, as Paris has pressed Berlin for months to agree reforms to crisis-proof the bloc.
Macron said it would be operational by 2021, but their plans lacked further detail.
“We are opening a new chapter,” Merkel said after the talks, which produced an eight-page declaration entitled: ‘Renewing Europe’s promises of security and prosperity’.
“We know that an economic and monetary union can only remain intact if economic policies converge,” she said, adding that euro zone reform was the toughest issue in the talks, which also touched on European foreign and defense policy and immigration.
“It will be a real budget, with annual revenues and spending,” he said. “This is a political commitment we make together which will require technical work at the ministerial level by the end of the year, and then indispensable treaty change the year after.”
The two leaders had decided to focus on broad issues to leave more room for negotiations with the other 17 euro members, Macron said - a scenario that leaves scope for the plans to be watered down.
National contributions and European resources would be used to fund the budget, the leaders said in the declaration.
Macron said its size and details on its financing would be hammered out by ministers before the end of the year.
European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker called the plans “very well balanced.”
“I am very pleased with the German-French paper. It allows European progress and the Commission is very pleased with what is being developed,” he told Reuters.
While Europe’s economy has picked up and there is no immediate sign of financial stress, many analysts say reforms are needed to protect the single currency.
Merkel said she was optimistic her government and parliament would back the proposed reforms.
However, her political capital is being eroded by a row with her Bavarian allies, who have given the chancellor two weeks to find a European solution to their immigration dispute.
The row threatens to scupper Merkel’s three-month-old coalition and limits her capacity for agreeing to far-reaching euro zone reforms, of which many in her conservative bloc are skeptical.
Keen not to increase burdens on German taxpayers, Merkel has indicated she would prefer a eurozone budget in the “tens of billions” rather than Macron’s idea of hundreds of billions of euros for investments.