Iranians protest for third day after plane disaster
In this photograph taken on Jan. 11, Iranian police officers take position while protesters gather in front of Amir Kabir University in Tehran, to remember victims of a Ukrainian airplane shot down by an Iranian missile. (AP Photo)
Iranian protesters gathered for a third day on Jan. 13 in the capital amid public anger over the military's admission that it had shot down a civilian airliner last week, videos from inside Iran posted on social media showed.
It was not immediately possible to authenticate the video.
"They killed our elites and replaced them with clerics," scores of protesters chanted at a Tehran university after the downing of the plane carrying 176 people, some them Iranian students. There were no survivors.
Video also showed dozens of police in riot gear in another area of Tehran.
Iran's police said on Jan. 13 officers had not fired at protesters demonstrating over Tehran's admission that it shot down a passenger plane, as video on social media recorded gunshots and pools of blood.
U.S. President Donald Trump, tweeting on Jan. 12 during the second day of Iranian demonstrations, told the authorities "don't kill your protesters."
The demonstrations at home are the latest development in one of the most destabilizing escalations between the United States and Iran since the Iranian revolution of 1979.
Tehran has acknowledged shooting down the Ukrainian jetliner in error, killing 176 people, hours after it had fired at U.S. bases to retaliate for the killing of Iran's most powerful military leader in a drone strike ordered by Trump.
Iranian public anger, rumbling for days as Iran repeatedly denied it was to blame for Jan. 8's plane crash, erupted into protests on Saturday when the military admitted it. Demonstrators turned out again on Jan. 12.
Videos on social media, posted late on Jan. 12, recorded gunshots in the vicinity of protests in Tehran's Azadi Square. Footage showed blood on the ground, wounded being carried and people who seemed to be security personnel running with rifles.
Other posts showed riot police hitting protesters with batons as people nearby shouted "Don't beat them!"
"Death to the dictator," footage circulating on social media showed protesters shouting, directing their fury at Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei.
"They are lying that our enemy is America, our enemy is right here," another group outside a Tehran university chanted.
Reuters could not independently authenticate the footage. But state-affiliated media reported the protests on Jan. 11 and Jan. 12 in Tehran and other cities, without giving such details.
"At protests, police absolutely did not shoot because the capital's police officers have been given orders to show restraint," Hossein Rahimi, head of the Tehran police, said in a statement carried by the state broadcaster's website.
Iran's latest showdown with the United States has come at a precarious time for the authorities in Tehran and their allies across the Middle East, when sanctions imposed by Trump have caused deep harm to the Iranian economy.
Iranian authorities killed hundreds of protesters in November in what appears to have been the bloodiest crackdown on anti-government unrest since the 1979 revolution.
In Iraq and Lebanon, governments that include Iran-backed armed groups have also faced months of hostile mass demonstrations.
Trump wrote on Twitter late on Jan. 12 that National Security Adviser Robert O'Brien had "suggested today that sanctions protests have Iran 'choked off', will force them to negotiate."
"Actually, I couldn't care less if they negotiate. Will be totally up to them but, no nuclear weapons and 'don't kill your protesters'," he wrote, repeating his earlier tweets making similar calls to the Iranian authorities not to open fire.
Trump precipitated the escalation between the United States and Iran in 2018 by pulling out of an agreement between Tehran and world powers under which sanctions were lifted in return for Iran curbing its nuclear programme. He has said the goal is to force Iran to agree to a more stringent pact.
Iran has repeatedly said it will not negotiate as long as U.S. sanctions are in place. It denies seeking nuclear arms.
The latest flare-up began at the end of December when rockets fired at U.S. bases in Iraq killed one American contractor. Washington accused pro-Iran militia and launched air strikes that killed at least 25 fighters. The militia responded by surrounding the U.S. embassy in Baghdad for two days. Trump then ordered the strike that killed Qassem Soleimani, the Iranian general who led pro-Iran militia across the region.
Iran fired at U.S. bases in Iraq on Jan. 8, though no Americans were hurt. The Ukrainian plane, on its way to Kiev and carrying many Iranian dual nationals, crashed hours later.
After days of denying blame for the crash, Commanders of Iran's Guards, a parallel force set up to protect the Islamic Republic and answering to Khamenei, issued profuse apologies.
Iran's president called it a "disastrous mistake". A top Guards commander said he had told the authorities on the same day as the crash that a missile had brought down the plane, raising questions about why Iran had initially denied it.
Canadians held vigils for the victims. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau told one event: "We will not rest until there are answers."
Canada's Transportation Safety Board (TSB) said it had obtained visas for two of its investigators to travel to Iran.
UK summons Iranian ambassador over envoy's arrest
In the meantime, Britain has summoned the Iranian ambassador to the country to convey its strong objections to the brief arrest of London's envoy to Tehran on Jan. 11, a spokesman for Prime Minister Boris Johnson said.
"This was an unacceptable breach of the Vienna Convention and it needs to be investigated," the spokesman said on Jan. 13. "We are seeking full assurances from the Iranian government that this will never happen again.
"The FCO has summoned the Iranian ambassador today to convey our strong objections."