Aegean pollutes by transportation, Central Anatolia by residences
ISTANBUL - Milliyet | 8/31/2009 12:00:00 AM |
Turkey ranks seventh among 32 European countries in carbon emissions. The country's leading regions in carbon emissions are the Aegean by transportation and Central Anatolia by residences.
Turkey is below the European average when it comes to carbon dioxide emissions per capita, but it is one of the leading countries in terms of total CO2 emissions, according to a study by two academics from Boğaziçi University and Sabancı University.
“Awareness and making a difference: CO2 emissions in Turkey,” prepared by associate professors Gürkan Kumbaralıoğlu and Yıldız Arıkan and supported by the Open Society Foundation, offers figures pertaining to the release of carbon dioxide, one of the major causes of global warming.
Turkey’s most affected regions are the Aegean coast in terms of transportation, and Central Anatolia in terms of households.
Among European Union member states and countries that are in the accession process, Turkey has the least amount of carbon dioxide discharged per capita after Latvia. This stems from a large population and the scarcity of carbon dioxide sources such as industry and transportation in the east. However, in terms of the total release of carbon dioxide per country, Turkey ranks seventh among 32 countries. Turkey’s lack of concentration on public transportation combined with energy generation and large industrial facilities polluting the environment are among the main reasons for this figure, according to experts.
[HH] Regional distribution
The Mediterranean region has the lowest carbon dioxide emissions per individual stemming from urban houses while Central Anatolia has the highest. In regard to high releases from energy sources the consumption of coal ranks high, particularly in Southeast Anatolia, East Anatolia and the Black Sea region. Privately owned vehicles cause nearly all of the carbon dioxide release in the urban areas, with the Aegean region taking the lead. South Anatolia is in the last spot in this category. Nearly 71 percent of carbon dioxide released through transportation around the Marmara region comes from cars and almost 81 percent of carbon emissions come from cars in the Black Sea region.
The research included a survey of 2,422 participants who own private vehicles between 8 and 13 years old. These vehicles consume more fuel than new vehicles from the same class, thereby increasing carbon emissions. The percentage of participants utilizing trains as a means of intercity transportation was below 1 percent and 40 percent of participants said they do not use public transportation at all. Consumption of electricity in households accounts for 20 percent of the emissions. While emissions from agricultural production has decreased, a four-fold increase from waste has occurred between 1990 and 2006.