Catalan parties agree self-rule vote in 2014
MADRID - Reuters
People arrange more than 8,000 lighted candles to create the Estelada flag, a symbol of Catalan separatism, in front of Vic Townhall. REUTERS photoTwo of the largest parties in Spain’s northern region of Catalonia agreed to an alliance Dec. 18 that aims to pave the way for a referendum in 2014 on secession, a vote Madrid has said is illegal.
A prolonged recession and record unemployment have fueled separatist sentiment in a region that is among Spain’s wealthiest, adding to uncertainty for investors concerned that Spain cannot control its finances and may need international aid. The center-right Convergence and Union (CiU) lost 12 seats in an election last month, leaving it with only a slim relative majority in the Catalan Parliament. CiU leader Artur Mas, who headed the outgoing government, said he would need a political alliance to govern.
The pact on Dec. 18 between the right-leaning CiU and the Republican Left (ERC), two parties usually at ideological loggerheads, fell short of a full coalition.
“There is total agreement on the referendum. There will be a referendum in 2014, unless both parties agree to delay it,” ERC head Oriol Junqueras said on Dec. 18. The parties said they would attempt to convince Madrid to give its blessing to the referendum, but suggested that they would go ahead whether it did so or not. Almost two-thirds of the seats in Parliament are held by parties that want a plebiscite.
Mas had called the early election in an attempt to ride a wave of separatist sentiment after hundreds of thousands demonstrated in favor of independence in September. The plan backfired on him as many voters turned away from the CiU toward smaller parties that had long advocated separation for Catalonia.