Alibaba’s Jack Ma to step down in 2019, pledges smooth transition
Alibaba co-founder Jack Ma announced on Sept. 10 he would step down as head of the pioneering Chinese e-commerce giant in one year, a departure already drawing comparisons to the retirement of late Apple founder Steve Jobs.
Analysts said the early withdrawal of 54-year-old Ma, the charismatic face of a company that has revolutionized how and what China’s people consume, will challenge Alibaba to carry on Ma’s vision amid rising competition.
But like Apple’s transition to current boss Tim Cook, Alibaba’s CEO and anointed successor Daniel Zhang is less magnetic than his predecessor but has proven an able steward since effectively taking the operational reins years ago, they said.
“Day-to-day operations-wise Alibaba will not be affected that much. But since he’s (Ma) the face of the company, people may lose a little bit of faith,” said Jackson Wong, associate director with Huarong Securities in Hong Kong.
“But where Jobs died, Ma is expected to stay on in an advisory role, so there shouldn’t be too much impact.”
A former English teacher, Ma started Alibaba in 1999 in his apartment in the eastern city of Hangzhou -- where its headquarters remain -- building an e-commerce colossus and becoming one of the world’s richest men and most recognizable figures in China.
“He’s always been building team and culture, never technology, so he’s made himself unnecessary,” Towson said.
With his impish grin, Ma in recent years has largely acted as a globe-hopping ambassador, including playful antics such as dressing up as Michael Jackson for a dance routine at a company gathering last year, while leaving Alibaba’s running to others.
Analysts said company shares could face short-term pressure.
It’s largely been under the more reserved Zhang’s stewardship that Alibaba’s two main e-commerce platforms, Taobao and Tmall, have turned into cash cows as other arms like digital payments have also flourished, they said.
With Zhang as CEO, the company has continued to wow investors each quarter with sterling revenue growth.
“Tim Cook can’t innovate like Steve Jobs but he has turned Apple into one of the world’s largest companies in a way Jobs never could,” Towson said.
The news comes with Alibaba’s cyber-dominance under challenge from rivals like Tencent, JD.com, and other upstarts.
But Alibaba is pouring investment into new initiatives to broaden its ecosystem and stake out turf in new territory including bricks-and-mortar retail, cloud computing, AI, digital media, movies, the grocery sector, meal deliveries and advertising.
“I still have lots of dreams to pursue. Those who know me know that I do not like to sit idle,” he said.